"In Labor Alone is Happiness": Women's Work, Social Work, and Feminist Reform Endeavors in Wilhelmine Germany--A Transatlantic Perspective

  title={"In Labor Alone is Happiness": Women's Work, Social Work, and Feminist Reform Endeavors in Wilhelmine Germany--A Transatlantic Perspective},
  author={Iris Anja Schroder and Anja Schuler},
  journal={Journal of Women's History},
  pages={127 - 147}
When social reformers in Wilhelmine Germany discussed "the social question" or "the woman's question," they often did so in a gendered way, pointing at the plight of overburdened female factory workers and the presumingly parasitical lives of middle- and upper-class women. In fact, work as opposed to leisure precluded happiness for one group of women in Wilhelmine Germany; lack of work made life difficult for another group. This article argues that women social reformers searched for ways to… 
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