Corpus ID: 8362153

"I did what?" Zolpidem and the courts.

@article{Daley2011IDW,
  title={"I did what?" Zolpidem and the courts.},
  author={Christopher Daley and Dale E. Mcniel and Ren{\'e}e L. Binder},
  journal={The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law},
  year={2011},
  volume={39 4},
  pages={
          535-42
        }
}
Zolpidem is a widely prescribed nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic medication available in the United States since 1992. Attention has been drawn recently to its potential to cause sleep-related, complex behaviors such as sleepwalking and sleep driving. These automatic behaviors have led to a deluge of legal claims. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first review in the forensic literature of the legal ramifications of zolpidem. In this article, the medical literature will be reviewed to explore… Expand
Zolpidem: The Arrested Woman with No Recollection of Events
Z-drugs, such as zolpidem and zopiclone, have been associated with sleep-related behaviors, parasomnia, abnormal thinking, disinhibition, aggressiveness, mood alterations, and anterograde amnesia.Expand
Two cases of zolpidem-associated homicide.
TLDR
2 cases are presented in which individuals killed their spouses and claimed total or partial amnesia after concomitant use of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) in addition to an SSRI (paroxetine). Expand
Amnestic Somnambulism and Nocturnal Eating Disorder Associated with Zolpidem Use as a Contributing Factor in Accidental Death
Zolpidem is a selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor modulator used commonly in the treatment of insomnia. It is effective at initiating sleep and has primary effects similar toExpand
Clinical considerations of sleep related amnestic behaviours associated with zolpidem
TLDR
An association between psychotic reactions and complex sleep related behavioural abnormalities in patients using zolpidem alone or in combination with other psychotropic medications is indicated. Expand
Zolpidem-Associated Consequences: An Updated Literature Review With Case Reports.
TLDR
Prevalence of health consequences associated with zolpidem included accidents, falls, overdoses, delirium, and infections, and risks to others included assaults, vehicular accidents, various crimes, and civil actions that occurred during zol pidem-induced deliria, withdrawal, and other impediments. Expand
In the Zzz Zone: The Effects of Z-Drugs on Human Performance and Driving
  • N. Gunja
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Medical Toxicology
  • 2013
TLDR
The risk–benefit analysis of Z-drugs in the treatment of insomnia, particularly in the elderly, may not favor treatment due to the increased risks of falls and motor vehicle collisions. Expand
Sleep self-intoxication and sleep driving as rare zolpidem-induced complex behaviour
TLDR
Amnesia and incoherence of speech, disorganization of behaviour, inability to realize the situation and mood changes may indicate a zolpidem-induced somnambulism-like state with sleep-related complex behaviour. Expand
Let's use those tests! Evaluations of crime-related amnesia claims
TLDR
It is argued that the notion of red-out is a priori not plausible and that alternative interpretations—primarily malingering and substance-induced organic amnesia—should be considered and ruled out first before concluding that memory loss is dissociative in nature. Expand
While You Were Sleepwalking: Science and Neurobiology of Sleep Disorders & the Enigma of Legal Responsibility of Violence During Parasomnia
TLDR
A general overview of the current scientific knowledge of parasomnias is provided and neurobiological information about the nature of parasomnia is provided, including conclusions about a sleepwalker’s level of intention as well as factors that predispose one to such episodes. Expand
Zolpidem Induced Sleep-related Eating and Complex Behaviors in a Patient with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Young-Min Park, Hyun-Woo Shin
  • Medicine
  • Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
  • 2016
TLDR
A 71-year-old Korean male admitted to the Department of Psychiatry due to his repetitive SRED and SRCB with anterograde amnesia is described, which indicates that zolpidem can induce SRCP and the pathophysiology remains unclear. Expand
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References

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TLDR
In the current retrospective survey, 5.1% (13 out of 255) of Taiwanese patients reported change in sleep-related behavior as adverse effects of zolpidem, serving as a reminder for clinicians to inquire regarding any unusual behavior of parasomniac activities when prescribing zolPidem. Expand
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TLDR
It is suggested that when seeking an etiology of somnambulism in a patient, a careful review of the patient's current medications should be performed, as no medication change was made besides initiating zolpidem and the patient had no history of such episodes in the past. Expand
One rare side effect of zolpidem--sleepwalking: a case report.
TLDR
It is concluded that zolpidem can cause sleepwalking, and patients who have suffered a brain injury may be more susceptible to this side effect. Expand
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TLDR
It is reasonable to conclude that because of its specific activity as a sleep inducer, blood concentrations consistent with therapeutic doses of zolpidem have the potential to affect driving in a negative way, and that concentrations above the normal therapeutic range would further impair a person's level of consciousness and driving ability. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
A 48-year-old man with a medical history of quiescent pulmonary and spinal neurosarcoidosis with secondary pain, anemia, B12 deficiency, diet-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus, depression, and gastroesophageal reflux disease is reported who experienced sleep-driving after taking zolpidem, indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Expand
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