"Heavy metals" a meaningless term? (IUPAC Technical Report)

@article{Duffus2002HeavyMA,
  title={"Heavy metals" a meaningless term? (IUPAC Technical Report)},
  author={John H. Duffus},
  journal={Pure and Applied Chemistry},
  year={2002},
  volume={74},
  pages={793 - 807}
}
  • J. Duffus
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Chemistry
  • Pure and Applied Chemistry
Abstract Over the past two decades, the term "heavy metals" has been widely used. It is often used as a group name for metals and semimetals (metalloids) that have been associated with contamination and potential toxicity or ecotoxicity. At the same time, legal regulations often specify a list of "heavy metals" to which they apply. Such lists differ from one set of regulations to another and the term is sometimes used without even specifying which "heavy metals" are covered. However, there is… 

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