"Ethnic Federalism" in Ethiopia

  title={"Ethnic Federalism" in Ethiopia},
  author={John M. Cohen},
  journal={Northeast African Studies},
  pages={157 - 188}
  • John M. Cohen
  • Published 6 July 2011
  • Political Science
  • Northeast African Studies
The problems of "nations within states", the "coming anarchy", and the "restoration of collapsed states" have been widely discussed of late. This paper addresses the third problem by documenting the complex implementation problems face by the Ethiopian Governemnt as it seeks to reconstruct a post-imperial state based on "ethnic federalism" through reforms grounded on a strategy of devolving public sector powers and tasks to regions dominated by the country's major ethnic groups. 

Regionalism and Democracy in Ethiopia

ABSTRACT For centuries Ethiopia's rulers have attempted to overcome local bases of power and establish a strong central government. To the extent that this was achieved, it produced many largely

The Practice of Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia

Ethiopia adopted ethnic federalism and restructured the regions along ethnic lines as soon as the endorsement of the constitution in 1994. This article explores the application of federalism in the

Ethnic Federalism, Fiscal reform, Development and Democracy in Ethiopia

Ethiopia has embarked upon what it claims to be a novel experiment in 'ethnic federalism'. The ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front has asserted that it is intent on forthrightly

The Edge of Ethnic Federalism, Prospects and Glooms in the Post-1991 Ethiopia

Since EPRDF seized power following gravy bloodsheds of civil war, in 1991, 'ethnicity' institutes as a cornerstone to enjoy greater political, legal, political economy, and structural space by

Ethnicity and constitutionalism in contemporary Ethiopia

The phenomenon of ethnicity is being declared by many to be the cause of all the problems of Africa, especially those of violent conflict. Some salient examples are Rwanda, Burundi and Kenya. While

Ethnic federalism in a dominant party state: The Ethiopian experience 1991-2000

Since 1991, when the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front came to power, two parallel political processes have taken place in Ethiopia. Firstly, the country is restructuring into a

The State, Competing Ethnic Nationalisms and Democratisation in Ethiopia

Following the change of regime in 1991, Ethiopia has been undergoing a major politi cal metamorphosis, the key elements of which are political pluralism and a decentrali sation of power based on

Civil resistance in Ethiopia: An overview of a historical development

A history of anti-government opposition in Ethiopia is a very complex topic and a subject extremely difficult to investigate. It runs through the analysis of intractable social crisis of the entire

Federalism and Ethnic Minorities in Ethiopia: Ideology, Territoriality, Human Rights, Policy

In 1994 Ethiopia has adopted a new constitution, considered one of the most advanced in terms of provisions for human rights. The progressive ratification of several international treaties on

Ethnic Federalism and Ethnic Conflicts in Ethiopia

After the demise of the Dergue regime, Ethiopia has commenced ethnic federalism to address ethnonational conflicts and maintain national unity. In spite of such novel rationale of the federalization,



Ethnic Conflict in the ‘Tribal Zone’: the Dizi and Suri in Southern Ethiopia

  • J. Abbink
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 1993
The number of ethno-regional conflicts in the world has grown in intensity during the last few decades as a result of political and economic crises, and one of the unsolved paradoxes of this

Opening Pandora's Box: Preliminary Notes on Fiscal Decentralization in Contemporary Ethiopia

The Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE) , which subscribes to "the rights of nations, nationalities and peoples to self-determination and to determine their own affairs by themselves" has

Ethiopia: Post-Communist Transition and Adjustment to Eritrean Independence

Communism in Ethiopia was defeated militarily by ethnic separatist movements. Today a good beginning has been made on establishing a federal system. And Eritrea, like Slovakia, has effected a peace...

Ethiopia's “Leap in the Dark”: Federalism and Self-Determination in the New constitution

Benjamin Disraeli took a calculated “leap in the dark” in 1867, when he extended the right to vote to almost all British men. With hindsight, his leap can be seen to have been a necessary (but not

Which Way the Horn of Africa: Disintegration or Confederation?

Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and the Sudan occupy an area of some 4 million square kilometers and have a combined population of over 80 million, of which, some 10 million have become refugees,

Transition toward Democracy and Governance in Post Mengistu Ethiopia

In May 1991 forces led by the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) overthrew the repressive Government of Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam. A July 1991 National Conference attended by most political

Eritrea and Ethiopia: Strategies for Reconciliation in the Horn of Africa

I think that most would agree with the remark: "it is taken for granted that an independent Eritrea must, in an interdependent world, be closely associated with and create cooperative arrangements

Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority.@@@The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System.

This work uses 11 African case studies in its exploration of the phenomenon of collapsed states. The writers consider the causes of collapse; symptoms and early warning signs; and how the situation

Transformation and Continuity in Revolutionary Ethiopia

List of tables Preface and acknowledgements List of acronyms Glossary of Amharic words Map of administrative regions of Ethiopia 1. Revolutions 2. Monarchical modernisation and the origins of