"Enteroatmospheric fistulae"--gastrointestinal openings in the open abdomen: a review and recent proposal of a surgical technique.

@article{Marinis2013EnteroatmosphericFO,
  title={"Enteroatmospheric fistulae"--gastrointestinal openings in the open abdomen: a review and recent proposal of a surgical technique.},
  author={Athanasios Marinis and Georgios Gkiokas and Eriphili Argyra and Georgios P Fragulidis and Giorgos Polymeneas and Dionisios C Voros},
  journal={Scandinavian journal of surgery : SJS : official organ for the Finnish Surgical Society and the Scandinavian Surgical Society},
  year={2013},
  volume={102 2},
  pages={61-8}
}
The occurrence of an enteric fistula in the middle of an open abdomen is called an enteroatmospheric fistula, which is the most challenging and feared complication for a surgeon to deal with. It is in fact not a true fistula because it neither has a fistula tract nor is covered by a well-vascularized tissue. The mortality of enteroatmospheric fistulae was as high as 70% in past decades but is currently approximately 40% due to advanced modern intensive care and improved surgical techniques… CONTINUE READING
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