"Culture-a-Go-Go": The Ghirardelli Square Sculpture Controversy and the Liberation of Civic Design in the 1960s

@article{Isenberg2010CultureaGoGoTG,
  title={"Culture-a-Go-Go": The Ghirardelli Square Sculpture Controversy and the Liberation of Civic Design in the 1960s},
  author={Alison Isenberg},
  journal={Journal of Social History},
  year={2010},
  volume={44},
  pages={379 - 412}
}
  • Alison Isenberg
  • Published 1 December 2010
  • Art, History
  • Journal of Social History
In the early 1960s, historic Ghirardelli Square was crafted from old factory buildings by leading modernist architects, landscape architects, and innumerable allied artists, and to great acclaim emerged from the transformative crosscurrents of the Bay Area in that decade. In 1968 a public controversy over a new sculpture in Ghirardelli stirred latent attitudes towards the Square as a civic place and as an artifact of urban design. Landscape architect Lawrence Halprin's demand for the removal of… 

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