"Community Structure, Population Control, and Competition"-A Critique

  title={"Community Structure, Population Control, and Competition"-A Critique},
  author={William W Murdoch},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  pages={219 - 226}
  • W. Murdoch
  • Published 1 May 1966
  • Economics
  • The American Naturalist
The paper by Hairston et al. (1960) is examined critically with regard to its premises, logic and internal consistency, and its methodology. It is suggested that, either as conclusions or hypotheses, the major points made in the paper are not acceptable. In the present paper the importance of testability and of operational definitions in ecological hypotheses are stressed. 

The "Balance of Nature" and "Population Control"

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  • Education
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Probably the most important conclusion of modern epistemology is that there are no truths or absolutes; thus no theory can give us total certainty, no science is beyond improvement. A scientist



Community Structure, Population Control, and Competition

Populations of producers, carnivores, and decomposers are limited by their respective resources in the classical density-dependent fashion and interspecific competition must necessarily exist among the members of each of these three trophic levels.


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