"Brain-Specific" Nutrients: A Memory Cure?

  title={"Brain-Specific" Nutrients: A Memory Cure?},
  author={Mark A. McDaniel and Steven F. Maier and Gilles O. Einstein},
  journal={Psychological science in the public interest : a journal of the American Psychological Society},
  volume={3 1},
We review the experimental evaluations of several widely marketed nonprescription compounds claimed to be memory enhancers and treatments for age-related memory decline. We generally limit our review to double-blind placebo-controlled studies. The compounds examined are phos-phatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylcholine (PC), citicoline, piracetam, vinpocetine, acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC), and antiox-idants (particularly vitamin E). In animals, PS has been shown to attenuate many neuronal effects of… CONTINUE READING


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