"Before Hitler Came": Thule Society and Germanen Orden

  title={"Before Hitler Came": Thule Society and Germanen Orden},
  author={Reginald Henry Phelps},
  journal={The Journal of Modern History},
  pages={245 - 261}
  • R. Phelps
  • Published 1 September 1963
  • History
  • The Journal of Modern History
L ATE IN 1933, several months after the establishment of the National Socialist regime, a book appeared -in Munich with the exciting title Bevor Hitler kam: Urkundliches aus der Friuhzeit der nationalsozialistischen Bewegung von Rudolf von Sebottendorff.1 It was dedicated to the memory of seven members of the Thule Society (Thule Gesellschaft) who were killed by the Reds as "hostages" in Munich on April 30, 1919, the day before the entrance into the city of White troops supporting the Bavarian… 
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composed in a tone more sour than sweet, in Ludendorff's journal
  • Am Heiligen Quell, IV (Feb
  • 1951
  • 1919
1919), for an earlier encounter between the paper and Sebottendorff
  • 1919
and Roth's extensive correspondence with Ruttinger and with Walter Otto of the Hamburg Ortsgruppe
    Various details are confirmed by a Thule member from Nuremberg, Franz Muller
      PHELPS ty's founder
      • The Nationalsozialisticher Deutscher Arbeiterverein was not founded until September
      • 1920
      1918) carries a lively series of reports on the arrests "in the rooms of the Germanen Orden" and on the debate in the Nationalrat
      • 1918
      1919]), esp. pp. 77-96, all hostile to the Reds
      • 1919