• Corpus ID: 39024975

" Conservatism in Obstetrics " ( 1916 ) , by

  title={" Conservatism in Obstetrics " ( 1916 ) , by},
  author={Edwin B. Cragin},
In 1916 Edwin B. Cragin in the United States published "Conservatism in Obstetrics," in which he discussed medical practices and techniques to preserve the vitality of pregnant women and their fetuses. Cragin argued that women who give birth via cesarean section, the surgical act of making an incision through both the abdomen and uterus [2] to remove the fetus [3] from a pregnant woman's womb [4], must rely on that method for future births. That claim was later coined the Dictum of Cragin. In… 
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The technique of transversely incising the uterus in its lower uterine segment, although less than a century old, is passed on from instructor to apprentice, often without either of them being aware of its noble history.
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In this study, 87% babies were born with good APGAR (Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration) score and perinatal mortality was observed in 5% cases, and there was zero maternal mortality.
Trial of Vaginal Birth After Caesarean (VBAC): Sharing Experience From a Tertiary Care Center of Eastern Nepal
In the country like the authors' where rate of caesarean section is increasing alarmingly, there have to try VBAC in appropriate group of patients, national policy and guidelines are necessary after large multicenter prospective studies.
Maternal and Fetal Outcome Following Trial of Labour after Previous Caesarian Section ( Tolac )
The obstetric and fetal outcome in pregnant women with a history of previous caesarean section are studied and maternal mortality and morbidity determined by any one or more of the following.
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It offers women a culturally-acceptable option of fulfilling long-held dreams of vaginal delivery even after one caesarean section and should be offered to the authors' women whenever possible.
Association between institutional factors, birth care profile, and cesarean section rates in Santa Catarina.
Differences in cesarean rates in favor of the private system, among women with better social conditions, have pointed toward differences in obstetric/medical culture permeability and flexibility on medical judgment concerning clinical criteria for cesAREan sections.
Role of Ultrasonography in Measuring the Scar Thickness in Cases of Previous Lower Segment Caesarean Section
Ulasonographic examination of the lower uterine segment in cases with previous caesarean sections was found to be useful in assessment of scar integrity and all patients with less than 1.6mm lower segment scar thickness should undergo elective caesAREan section and with measurements greater than 4.5 mm should be allowed trial for vaginal delivery.
Outcome of Trial of Labour after Caesarean Section
Trial of scar after one caesarean section should be encouraged with vigilant monitoring provided no obstetric contraindication exists and trial of labour VBAC is encouraged with vigilance.


Choice in Birth: Preserving Access to VBAC
This Article explores how VBAC restrictions represent a broad violation of the right to liberty and reproductive choice and how this trend in birth practices should sound alarms for all those who care about reproductive freedom.
Obstetric practice and cephalopelvic disproportion in Glasgow between 1840 and 1900
Examination of obstetric practice associated with cephalopelvic disproportion in Glasgow between 1840 and 1900 shows a shift from women being admitted on social grounds to medical reasons, in response to an acknowledgement that selecting cases earlier improved the chances of a successful outcome.
Innovations in health care: antisepsis as a case study.
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This article traces the development of the concept and practice of antisepsis in health care, with emphasis on the contributions of three individuals who were contemporaries practicing in different health care fields, but who apparently were uninfluence by each others' work.
The Attempt to Understand Puerperal Fever in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries: The Influence of Inflammation Theory
Puerperal fever was a devastating disease. It affected women within the first three days after childbirth and progressed rapidly, causing acute symptoms of severe abdominal pain, fever and debility.
A historical overview of preeclampsia-eclampsia.
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A historical overview of preeclampsia-eclampsian pathophysiology and management strategies and classification criteria is provided to provide insight into how past hypotheses/scientific contributions have shaped current practice trends.
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The first analyses of biological components in glaciers of the Chilean lake district are presented based on microalgae biovolume, pollen and other microorganisms detected in shallow ( 10m) firn/ice
Conservatism in obstetrics.
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2951301/ [10]
  • 2016
“ Dr . E . B . Cragin Dies ; Great Gynecologist . ” The New York Times , October 23 , 1918 . 4 . “ Emerging Issues in Reproductive Law and Policy
  • 2013
Emerging Issues in Reproductive Law and Policy
  • 2013