nicholas Hogg

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The mammary gland is a system of hollow interconnecting tubes which develops from an invasive branching cord of epithelial cells. This ultrastructural study of the developing mammary gland focuses on how the lumen forms and establishes the polarized epithelial lining of the gland. The earliest signs of lumen formation are many small cavities and crevices(More)
The promotion of cell survival and regeneration in acute renal failure (ARF) is important for restitution of renal function. This study analyzes the temporal and spatial relationship between expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 gene family (Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), Bax) and epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor- (IGF-1),(More)
The anticonvulsant phenytoin (5,5-diphenylhydantoin) provokes a skin rash in 5 to 10% of patients, which heralds the start of an idiosyncratic reaction that may result from covalent modification of normal self proteins by reactive drug metabolites. Phenytoin is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes primarily to 5-(p-hydroxyphenyl-),5-phenylhydantoin(More)
A major contributor to the development and progression of ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is the loss of functioning tubular epithelial cells by means of various cell deletion or death processes. Although the term "acute tubular necrosis" is still used to describe the pathology of ARF, this is a misnomer because apoptotic cell(More)
Vascular endothelial cell apoptosis has previously been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension-induced vessel deletion and damage. In the present in vitro study we analyse several possible relevant causative factors of vascular endothelial cell apoptosis, namely, serum deprivation and nutrient depletion, oxidative stress in the forms of(More)
Disappearance of microvessels (microvascular rarefaction) during hypertension is a process that exacerbates the hypertensive condition. The cellular process by which the vessels disappear is not known. In the present study, we investigate the pathogenic role of cell death, specifically apoptosis, in hypertension-induced microvascular rarefaction. An(More)
Kinki University, Japan Recent research has shown that pairedassociate learning is an effective way to acquire second language vocabulary. However, much research in the field has measured small-scale vocabulary learning. This is due to the methods which learners used to conduct paired-associate learning: paper flash cards. This project(More)
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