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We have done an epidemiological study in an elementary school with 2000 Taiwanese children aged from 6 to 12 years, and found 11 of them with Tourette's syndrome. The prevalence rate of Tourette's syndrome was around 0.56%. The ratio of male to female was 9 to 2. The comorbid rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder was 36%, self-injurious behaviors(More)
Tourette's disorder has long been regarded as a disorder of involuntary movement. Here the authors show that children with Tourette's disorder do not differ from healthy comparison subjects in stop-signal inhibition. These results suggest the importance of considering motor tics as voluntary rather than as involuntary.
Central diabetes insipidus, a common consequence of acute central nervous system injury, causes hypernatremia; cerebral salt wasting syndrome can cause hyponatremia. The two conditions occurring simultaneous are rarely described in pediatric patients. Pediatric cases of combined diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt wasting after acute central nervous system(More)
Brain injury after resuscitation is associated with high morbidity and mortality in children. Therapeutic hypothermia has theoretical benefits on brain preservation. It has been shown to be effective in improving neurological outcomes after adult ventricular arrhythmia-induced cardiac arrest and neonatal asphyxia. However, there have only been a few reports(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is one of the most effective therapies for drug-resistant epilepsy. The efficacy of the medium-chain triglyceride KD (MCTKD) is as excellent as the classic KD (CKD), which has been documented in several subsequent retrospective, prospective, and randomized studies. MCT oil is more ketogenic than long-chain triglycerides. Therefore,(More)
We present a female infant with seizures responsive to pyridoxal phosphate but that are resistant to pyridoxine. The mechanism by which pyridoxal phosphate controls seizures in this patient is unknown. Her seizures are perhaps not solely caused by pyridoxal phosphate deficiency. It is suggested that in addition to glutamic acid decarboxylase abnormality,(More)
Reverse Shapiro's syndrome was first described by Hirayama et al. in a girl with periodic hyperthermia associated with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum. Here we report another such case in a 9-month-old girl presenting with fever of unknown origin since the age of 7 months. On examination, she had mild hypotonia with delayed developmental(More)
Ketogenic diet (KD) was usually tried as a last resort in the treatment of intractable epilepsy after failure of many antiepileptics and even epilepsy surgery. Glucose transporter-1 deficiency and pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency must be treated with KD as the first choice because of inborn errors of glucose metabolism. Infantile spasms, tuberous sclerosis(More)
Posterior circulation infarction is uncommon in children. Vertebral artery dissection is an unusual cause of posterior circulation infarction in children. We report on a 12-year-old boy with spontaneous left-extracranial vertebral artery dissection associated with isolated ipsilateral superior cerebellar artery territory infarction, diagnosed clinically and(More)
BACKGROUND Since the discovery of antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in 2007, anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is increasingly recognized worldwide. We compare the clinical features of adults and children with this disorder in Taiwan. METHODS Patients admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung Children's(More)