Zygmunt Karol Gryczynski

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Metallic surfaces can have unusual effects on fluorophores such as increasing or decreasing the rates of radiative decay and the rates of resonance energy transfer (RET). In the present article we describe the effects of metallic silver island films on the emission spectra, lifetimes, and energy transfer for several fluorophores. The fluorophores are not(More)
G protein-coupled receptors represent the largest class of drug discovery targets. Drugs that activate G protein-coupled receptors are classified as either agonists or partial agonists. To study the mechanism whereby these different classes of activating ligands modulate receptor function, we directly monitored ligand-induced conformational changes in the G(More)
During eukaryotic translation initiation, ribosomal 43S complexes scan mRNAs for the correct AUG codon at which to begin translation. Start codon recognition triggers GTP hydrolysis, committing the complex to engagement at that point on the mRNA. While fidelity at this step is essential, the nature of the codon recognition event and the mechanism by which(More)
Fluorescence is typically isotropic in space and collected with low efficiency. In this paper we describe surface plasmon-coupled emission (SPCE), which displays unique optical properties and can be collected with an efficiency near 50%. SPCE occurs for fluorophores within about 200 nm of a thin metallic film, in our case a 50-nm-thick silver film on a(More)
Enhanced fluorescence on silver island films (SIFs) is utilized to develop a sandwich-format immunoassay for the cardiac marker myoglobin (Myo). Myoglobin was first captured on surfaces coated with anti-Myo antibodies; the surface was then incubated with fluorescently labeled anti-Myo antibodies. The system was examined on glass surfaces and on SIFs. We(More)
The molecular motor myosin is proposed to bind to actin and swing its light-chain binding region through a large angle to produce an approximately 10 nm step in motion coupled to changes in the nucleotide state at the active site. To date, however, direct dynamic measurements have largely failed to show changes of that magnitude. Here, we use a cysteine(More)
This study examined the effect of H(2)O(2) on the TRPC6 channel and its underlying mechanisms using a TRPC6 heterologous expression system. In TRPC6-expressing HEK293T cells, H(2)O(2) significantly stimulated Ca(2+) entry in a dose-dependent manner. Electrophysiological experiments showed that H(2)O(2) significantly increased TRPC6 channel open probability(More)
We examined the fluorescence spectral properties of Cy3- and Cy5-labeled oligonucleotides at various distances from the surface of silver island films. The distance to the surface was controlled by alternating layers of biotinylated bovine serum albumin (BSA) and avidin, followed by binding of a biotinylated oligonucleotide. The maximum enhancement of(More)
Both TRPC6 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in regulating vascular function. However, their interplay has not been explored. The present study examined whether activation of TRPC6 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by ROS was a physiological mechanism for regulating vascular tone by vasoconstrictors. In A7r5 cells, arginine(More)
Annexin A2 (AnxA2) is a multifunctional Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid-binding protein, and its overexpression is implicated in malignant transformation of several cancers. In prostate cancer, however, the expression of AnxA2 is lost in prostate intraepithelial neoplasia and reappears in the high-grade tumors, suggesting a complex regulation of AnxA2 in the(More)