Zygmunt Derewenda

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Ndel1 and Nde1 are homologous and evolutionarily conserved proteins, with critical roles in cell division, neuronal migration, and other physiological phenomena. These functions are dependent on their interactions with the retrograde microtubule motor dynein and with its regulator Lis1--a product of the causal gene for isolated lissencephaly sequence (ILS)(More)
We describe the construction of expression vectors based on three of the most frequently used gene fusion affinity tags [glutathione S-transferase (GST), maltose binding protein (MBP), and the His6 peptide]. The polylinkers of pGEX4T1, pMal-c2, and a pET vector were replaced with the polylinker isolated from the baculovirus expression plasmid pFastBac. Once(More)
In many Gram-negative bacteria, including a number of pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Erwinia carotovora, virulence factor production and biofilm formation are linked to the quorum-sensing systems that use diffusible N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones (AHLs) as intercellular messenger molecules. A number of organisms also contain genes coding for(More)
The crystal structure of an extracellular triglyceride lipase (from a fungus Rhizomucor miehei) inhibited irreversibly by diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate (E600) was solved by X-ray crystallographic methods and refined to a resolution of 2.65 A. The crystals are isomorphous with those of n-hexylphosphonate ethyl ester/lipase complex [Brzozowski, A. M.,(More)
Mutations in the LIS1 gene cause lissencephaly, a human neuronal migration disorder. LIS1 binds dynein and the dynein-associated proteins Nde1 (formerly known as NudE), Ndel1 (formerly known as NUDEL), and CLIP-170, as well as the catalytic alpha dimers of brain cytosolic platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The mechanism coupling the two(More)
Endogenous fatty acids are synthesized in all organisms in a pathway catalyzed by the fatty acid synthase complex. In bacteria, where the fatty acids are used primarily for incorporation into components of cell membranes, fatty acid synthase is made up of several independent cytoplasmic enzymes, each catalyzing one specific reaction. The initiation of the(More)
True lipases attach triacylglycerols and act at an oil-water interface; they constitute a ubiquitous group of enzymes catalysing a wide variety of reactions, many with industrial potential. But so far the three-dimensional structure has not been reported for any lipase. Here we report the X-ray structure of the Mucor miehei triglyceride lipase and describe(More)
Lipases are hydrolytic enzymes which break down triacylglycerides into free fatty acids and glycerols. They have been classified as serine hydrolases owing to their inhibition by diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate. Lipase activity is greatly increased at the lipid-water interface, a phenomenon known as interfacial activation. X-ray analysis has revealed the(More)
The crystal and molecular structure of a triacylglyceride lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) from the fungus Rhizomucor miehei was analyzed using X-ray single crystal diffraction data to 1.9 A resolution. The structure was refined to an R-factor of 0.169 for all available data. The details of the molecular architecture and the crystal structure of the enzyme are(More)
Mutations in the Lis1 gene result in lissencephaly (smooth brain), a debilitating developmental syndrome caused by the impaired ability of postmitotic neurons to migrate to their correct destination in the cerebral cortex. Sequence similarities suggest that the LIS1 protein contains a C-terminal seven-blade beta-propeller domain, while the structure of the(More)