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Titanium (Ti) is used for implantable devices because of its biocompatible oxide surface layer. TiO2 surfaces that have a complex microtopography increase bone-to-implant contact and removal torque forces in vivo and induce osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Studies examining osteoblast response to controlled surface chemistries indicate that hydrophilic(More)
The effect of surface roughness on osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, and protein synthesis was examined. Human osteoblast-like cells (MG63) were cultured on titanium (Ti) disks that had been prepared by one of five different treatment regimens. All disks were pretreated with hydrofluroic acid-nitric acid and washed (PT). PT disks were also: washed,(More)
We examined protein kinase C (PKC) in the regulation of breast cancer cells by estrogen. Estrogen receptor (ER)- positive (+) MCF-7 and ER-negative (-) HCC38 cells were treated with 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) or E(2)-BSA, which cannot enter the cell. E(2) and E(2)-BSA rapidly increased PKC-alpha in both cells via phosphatidylinositol-dependent phospholipase C(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) express an osteoblastic phenotype when treated with BMP-2, and BMP-2 is used clinically to induce bone formation although high doses are required. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) also promote osteogenesis in vivo, in part through direct action on osteoblasts. We tested the hypothesis that PEMF enhances osteogenesis of MSCs(More)
OBJECTIVE Surface roughness and surface free energy are two important factors that regulate cell responses to biomaterials. Previous studies established that titanium (Ti) substrates with micron-scale and submicron scale topographies promote osteoblast differentiation and osteogenic local factor production and that there is a synergistic response to(More)
Titanium implant surfaces with rough microtopographies exhibit increased pullout strength in vivo suggesting increased bone-to-implant contact. This is supported by in vitro studies showing that as surface microroughness increases, osteoblast proliferation decreases whereas differentiation increases. Differentiation is further enhanced on microrough(More)
Microstructured and high surface energy titanium substrates increase osseointegration in vivo. In vitro, osteoblast differentiation is increased, but effects of the surface directly on multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and consequences for MSCs in the peri-implant environment are not known. We evaluated responses of human MSCs to substrate surface(More)
Osteocytes, the predominant cells in bone, are postulated to be responsible for sensing mechanical and electrical stimuli, transducing signals via gap junctions. Osteocytes respond to induced shear by increasing connexin 43 (Cx43) levels, suggesting that they might be sensitive to physical stimuli like low-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF). Immature(More)
Efforts to improve bone response to biomaterials have focused on ligands that bind alpha5beta1 integrins. However, antibodies to alpha5beta1 reduce osteoblast proliferation but do not affect differentiation when cells are grown on titanium (Ti). beta1-silencing blocks the differentiation stimulus of Ti microtopography, suggesting that other beta1 partners(More)