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Adjuvant arthritis characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints of rats is induced by immunization to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To learn how autoimmune arthritis may be caused by a microbial antigen, we isolated a T-lymphocyte clone specific for M. tuberculosis antigens that was strongly arthritogenic. We now report that the clone recognized, in(More)
1. The hyperosmotic activation of the Na(+)-H+ exchanger was studied in an osteoblast-like rat cell line (RCJ 1.20). The activation was monitored by recording the intracellular pH (pHi) changes employing double excitation of the pH-sensitive fluorescent dye 2'7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein acetoxymethyl ester (BCECF-AM). 2. Exposure of the(More)
Primary synovial chondromatosis (PSC) is a rare disorder of the synovium typified by cartilaginous nodule formation within the synovial membrane. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) is a recently described specific marker of mesenchymal precartilaginous stem cells. Expression patterns of FGFR3 and its specific ligand, fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF(More)
The epiphyseal organ contains two kinds of cartilage, articular and growth plate. Both enlarge during the growth phase of life. However, mitosis is not apparent in these tissues. In the current study, a search to trace the reservoirs of stem cells needed for the growth of these cartilages is done. A disorder in which the stem cells responsible for bone(More)
Full-thickness defects in articular cartilage were repaired with cultured homologous embryonic chick epiphyseal chondrocytes embedded in a biological resorbable immobilization vehicle (BRIV). This graft was successfully transplanted in mechanically induced defects in the surface of condylar articular cartilage of the tibiotarsal joint of four-month-old(More)
BACKGROUND Articular cartilage is incapable of undergoing self-repair since chondrocytes lose their mitotic ability as early as the first year of life. Defects in articular cartilage, especially in weight-bearing joints, will predictably deteriorate toward osteoarthritis. No method has been found to prevent this deterioration. Drilling of the subchondral(More)
OBJECTIVES Cartilage transplantation as a means to replace damaged articular surfaces is of interest. A major obstacle is the long-term preservation of cartilage grafts. The commonly used technique of freezing the grafts inevitably leads to cellular death. The current study compares the technique to an innovative approach using a pulsed-pressure perfusion(More)
Osteogenic growth peptide, a histone H4-related, 14-amino-acid peptide, is an active mediator of local, as well as systemic, osteogenic activity in response to marrow ablation, trauma, and blood loss. In this study, the effect of exogenous osteogenic growth peptide on the healing of femoral fractures in rats was investigated. A fracture at the midshaft of(More)
Circulating macrophages and metastatic tumor cells can penetrate the vascular endothelium and migrate from the circulatory system to extravascular compartments. Both activated murine macrophages and different metastatic tumor cells (B16-BL6 melanoma; ESb T-lymphoma) attach, invade, and penetrate confluent vascular endothelial cell monlayer in vitro, by(More)