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OBJECTIVES Cartilage transplantation as a means to replace damaged articular surfaces is of interest. A major obstacle is the long-term preservation of cartilage grafts. The commonly used technique of freezing the grafts inevitably leads to cellular death. The current study compares the technique to an innovative approach using a pulsed-pressure perfusion(More)
OBJECTIVES Giant cell tumor of bone is typified by massive infiltration of a bland neoplastic stroma by osteoclasts and monocyte progenitors. The current study aimed at evaluating the nature of the neoplastic cells and the mechanisms underlying the massive giant cell recruitment. METHODS Five different giant cell tumors were evaluated by(More)
Adjuvant arthritis characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints of rats is induced by immunization to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To learn how autoimmune arthritis may be caused by a microbial antigen, we isolated a T-lymphocyte clone specific for M. tuberculosis antigens that was strongly arthritogenic. We now report that the clone recognized, in(More)
Combined modality treatment of musculoskeletal tumors led to improved patient survival. As survival improves, more consideration is given to the functional outcome of treatment, and interest is focused on the development of less mutilating and extensive surgery. One modality that can reduce patient disability significantly is cryosurgery, as it allows(More)
Osteogenic growth peptide, a histone H4-related, 14-amino-acid peptide, is an active mediator of local, as well as systemic, osteogenic activity in response to marrow ablation, trauma, and blood loss. In this study, the effect of exogenous osteogenic growth peptide on the healing of femoral fractures in rats was investigated. A fracture at the midshaft of(More)
The feasibility of using cartilaginous implants containing bone marrow derived chondrocytes in biological resurfacing procedures for correcting defects in articular cartilage was examined in goats. The experimental protocol included bone marrow aspiration, mesenchymal cell culturing, cell proliferation, favorable conditions inducing chondrogenic(More)
Achondroplasia, the most common genetic form of human dwarfism, results from a point mutation (G380R) in the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR-3). Heterozygotes for the mutation share disproportionate, proximal shortening of the limbs, mid-face hypoplasia and relative macrocephaly due to a failure in endochondral ossification. Here we have(More)
The different clinical entities of osteochondromas, hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) and non-familial solitary exostosis, are known to express localized exostoses in their joint metaphyseal cartilage. In the current study biopsies of osteochondromas patients were screened with respect to a number of cellular and molecular parameters. Specifically,(More)
STUDY DESIGN Characterization of the analytic profile of proteoglycans in the intervertebral discs at L4-L5 of nondiabetic (n = 5) and diabetic (n = 5) age-matched subjects. The discs used were discarded material from operations. OBJECTIVES To clarify the reason for the higher risk of disc prolapse in diabetic patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The(More)
This pilot study examined the effects of composite implants of cultured embryonal nerve cells and laser irradiation on the regeneration and repair of the completely transected spinal cord. Embryonal spinal cord nerve cells dissociated from rat fetuses and cultured on biodegradable microcarriers and embedded in hyaluronic acid were implanted in the(More)