Zuzana Kyseĺová

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In an attempt to model the processes of free radical-mediated cataractogenesis, we investigated the oxidative modification of rat eye lens proteins by peroxyl radicals generated by thermal decomposition of 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)hydrochloride (AAPH) under aerobic conditions. When incubated with AAPH, the soluble eye lens proteins precipitated in a(More)
Cataract, the opacification of eye lens, is the leading cause of blindness worldwide. At present, the only remedy is surgical removal of the cataractous lens and substitution with a lens made of synthetic polymers. However, besides significant costs of operation and possible complications, an artificial lens just does not have the overall optical qualities(More)
Cataract--opacification of the lens--is closely related to diabetes as one of its major late complications. This review deals with three molecular mechanisms that may be involved in the development of diabetic cataract: nonenzymatic glycation of eye lens proteins, oxidative stress, and activated polyol pathway in glucose disposition. Implications resulting(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with the pyridoindole antioxidant stobadine on the development of diabetic cataract in rats. The findings were compared with the effect of the natural antioxidant vitamin E and the well known phenolic synthetic antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene. METHODS(More)
We compared the progression of lens opacification with the time course of oxidation of lens proteins under conditions of streptozotocin-induced experimental diabetes in rats. By the end of the 17th week, approx. 50% of the diabetic animals developed mature cataracts. During the following month, 95% of the eyes in the diabetic group became cataractous. In(More)
(2-benzyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole-8-yl)-acetic acid (compound 1), a novel aldose reductase inhibitor, was assayed for efficacy and selectivity to inhibit rat lens aldose reductase under in vitro conditions by using enzyme preparations obtained from diabetic animals. The inhibitory efficiency was characterized by IC(50) in micromolar(More)
Hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress makes an important contribution to the aetiology of diabetic neuropathy. Elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause cumulative damage to neurons and Schwan cells, however, they also have a deleterious effect on nerve blood flow causing endoneurial hypoxia, which is responsible for early nerve conduction velocity(More)
Overload of reactive oxygen species during diabetes is known to impair cellular homeostasis and to promote deterioration of membrane function in the organism. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dietary supplementation with the pyridoindole atioxidant stobadine on functional properties of the renal Na, K-ATPase in diabetic rats. After(More)
The aim of this study was to describe the effects of Pycnogenol at various doses on preprandial and postprandial glucose levels, the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) and N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAGA) and on motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Pycnogenol treatment (10, 20, 50(More)
The consumption of a diet low in fat and enhanced by fruits and vegetables, especially rich in phenolic compounds, may reduce risks of many civilization diseases. The use of traditional medicines, mainly derived from plant sources, has become an attractive segment in the management of many lifestyle diseases. Concerning the application of dietary(More)