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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large class of tiny non-coding RNAs (approximately 22-24 nt) that regulate diverse biological processes at the posttranscriptional level by controlling mRNA stability or translation. As a molecular switch, the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway should be suppressed during the adipogenesis; However, activation of(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has been one of the most economically important diseases affecting swine industry worldwide and causes great economic losses each year. PRRS virus (PRRSV) replicates mainly in porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) and dendritic cells (DCs) and develops persistent infections, antibody-dependent enhancement(More)
Understanding the dynamics of muscle transcriptome during development and between breeds differing in muscle growth is necessary to uncover the complex mechanism underlying muscle development. Herein, we present the first transcriptome-wide longissimus dorsi muscle development research concerning Lantang (LT, obese) and Landrace (LR, lean) pig breeds during(More)
BACKGROUND Highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (HP-PRRS) has caused large economic losses in swine industry in recent years. However, current antiviral strategy could not effectively prevent and control this disease. In this research, five artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) respectively targeted towards ORF5 (amirGP5-243, -370) and(More)
Production of high-quality meat is important to satisfy the consumer and make the pig industry competitive. Obese and lean breeds of pig show clear differences in adipogenic capacity and meat quality, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. We have compared protein expression of the longissimus muscle between Lantang (LT, obese) and Landrace(More)
BACKGROUND As an important factor affecting meat quality, intramuscular fat (IMF) content is a topic of worldwide concern. Emerging evidences indicate that microRNAs play important roles in adipocyte differentiation. However, miRNAome has neither been studied during porcine intramuscular preadipocyte differentiation, nor compared with subcutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Genome editors such as CRISPR/Cas9 and TALENs are at the forefront of research into methodologies for targeted modification of the mammalian genome. To date few comparative studies have been carried out to investigate the difference of genome editing characteristics between CRISPR/Cas9 and TALENs. While the CRISPR/Cas9 system has overtaken TALENs(More)
MiR-205 plays an important role during adipogenesis by modulating the Wnt signaling pathway. Here, we report that miR-205 can regulate the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells by targeting glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β), which is a negative regulatory factor of Wnt signaling. When transiently overexpressed in 3T3-L1 cells, miR-205(More)
Xylanase is used extensively to improve feed conversion rates to enhance the performance of poultry and pigs. By expressing xylanase in simple-stomached animals, new breeds of genetically modified animals with enhanced feed conversion rates may be obtained. However, expression of heterologous proteins derived from lower organisms in mammalian cells is(More)
MiR-143 plays an important role in promoting the adipogenic differentiation of pre-adipocytes. Here, we report that systematic silencing of miR-143 in mice by using a locked-nucleic-acid-modified oligonucleotide (LNA-antimiR) did not lead to any obvious abnormalities in the adipose tissue differentiation. Furthermore, there were no significant differences(More)