Learn More
Recent progress in genomic sequencing, computational biology, and ontology development has presented an opportunity to investigate biological systems from a unique perspective, that is, examining genomes and transcriptomes through the multiple and hierarchical structure of Gene Ontology (GO). We report here our development of GO Engine, a computational(More)
NK cell cytotoxicity is controlled by numerous NK inhibitory and activating receptors. Most of the inhibitory receptors bind MHC class I proteins and are expressed in a variegated fashion. It was recently shown that TIGIT, a new protein expressed by T and NK cells binds to PVR and PVR-like receptors and inhibits T cell activity indirectly through the(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent an important group of targets for pharmaceutical therapeutics. The completion of the human genome revealed a large number of putative GPCRs. However, the identification of their natural ligands, and especially peptides, suffers from low discovery rates, thus impeding development of therapeutics based on these(More)
PURPOSE The Met receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), are involved in a wide range of biological activities, including cell proliferation, motility, invasion, and angiogenesis. The HGF/SF-Met signaling pathway is frequently activated in a variety of cancers, and uncontrolled Met activation correlates with(More)
Blocking conformational changes in biologically active proteins holds therapeutic promise. Inspired by the susceptibility of viral entry to inhibition by synthetic peptides that block the formation of helix-helix interactions in viral envelope proteins, we developed a computational approach for predicting interacting helices. Using this approach, which(More)
In a screening effort based on algorithmic predictions for novel G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) peptide activators, we were able to identify and examine two novel peptides (P59 and P74) which are short, linear, and derived from a natural, previously unidentified precursor protein containing a collagen-like repeat. Both peptides seemed to show an apparent(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied ovarian cancers for the expression of membrane markers of hematopoietic origin. STUDY DESIGN We used flow cytometry to systematically characterize the expression of more than 30 hematologic antigens on ovarian carcinoma cell lines and to assess their stability under estrogen exposure. The expression of the antigens was validated by a(More)
Members of the B7/CD28 family of immune checkpoints, such as CTLA4, PD1 and PDL-1, play critical roles in T cell regulation and have emerged as promising drug targets for cancer immunotherapy. We hypothesize that additional novel members of the B7/CD28 family play a role as negative immune regulators and thus may serve as targets for therapeutic mAbs.(More)
Background Immunotherapies have improved patient responses and survival , though not all patients benefit. Effective biomarkers may help to improve outcomes. Durvalumab is a human IgG1 mono-clonal antibody that inhibits PD-L1 binding to PD-1 and CD80, restoring antitumor immunity [1, 2]. PD-L1 expression on tumor or tumor-infiltrating immune cells measured(More)
Members of the B7/CD28 family of immune checkpoints, such as CTLA4, PD1 and PDL-1, play critical roles in T cell regulation, and have emerged as promising drug targets for cancer immunotherapy. We hypothesize that additional novel members of the B7/CD28 family play a role as negative immune regulators, and thus may serve as targets for therapeutic mAbs.(More)
  • 1