Zuoyi Bao

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Men who have sex with men (MSM) have become one of the populations with severely HIV prevalence in China. However, very few genetic studies have been done on HIV-1 spreading in this population. In this study, the genetic characterization of HIV-1 strains prevalent in the MSM in Shijiazhuang, China, was analyzed basing on the HIV-1 full-length gag, pol, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations associated with HIV drug resistance have been extensively characterized at the HIV-1 polymerase domain, but more studies have verified that mutations outside of the polymerase domain also results in resistance to antiviral drugs. In this study, mutations were identified in 354 patients experiencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure(More)
Guangxi is an important transit area for HIV transmission in South China. Characterization of the full-length genome of HIV-1 prevalent in the area is important for phylogenetic analysis and vaccine development. CRF01_AE is one of the most rapidly spreading subtypes in Guangxi. In this study, we reported thirteen near full-length CRF01_AE genomes from(More)
Thirty HIV-1 URF_01AE/ B' complete or nearly full-length genome sequences sampled within Southeast Asia were obtained from the Los Alamos HIV Sequence Database. Phylogenetic and recombinant analyses revealed that three sequences indeed displayed the identical recombinant structure. Of note, the three subjects, harboring novel CRF01_AE/B recombinants, did(More)
BACKGROUND Assessing the prevalence of HIV-1 drug-resistance and the mutation patterns associated with resistance in the geographical regions implementing free antiretroviral therapy (ART) in China is necessary for preventing the spread of resistant strains and designing the regimens for the subsequent therapies with limited resources. METHODS Plasma(More)
Yunnan province was considered the HIV-1 epicenter of China, where many subtypes and CRFs of HIV-1 were circulating. CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC were two of the main circulating subtypes that caused more than 90% of the HIV-1 infections in intravenous drug users (IDUs) in this district. The cocirculation of these two CRFs in the same area and population predicted(More)
Recombination was most important in the generation of new viral strains and in the increase of HIV diversity. There were more and more new HIV-1 strains. Not only circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) but also unique recombinant forms (URFs) have been reported around the world. CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC were the two predominant CRFs circulated in Yunnan(More)
The rapid spreading of HIV drug resistance is threatening the overall success of free HAART in China. Much work has been done on drug-resistant mutations, however, most of which were based on subtype B. Due to different genetic background, subtypes difference would have an effect on the development of drug-resistant mutations, which has already been proved(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection by sexual transmission in Guangxi, China had increased dramatically. However, limited information is available on the genetic characterization of the HIV-1 epidemic. In this study, HIV-1 seropositive drug-naïve patients infected by heterosexual transmission were enrolled. The full length gag and pol(More)
Several studies identified HIV-1 recombination in some distinct areas in Yunnan, China. However, no comprehensive studies had been fulfilled in the whole province up to now. To illustrate the epidemiology and recombination form of Unique Recombinant Forms (URFs) circulating in Yunnan, 788 HIV-1 positive individuals residing in 15 prefectures of Yunnan were(More)