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The purpose of this study was to investigate the survival and differentiation status of MSCs transplanted to ONFH. Traumatic ONFH was surgically produced in skeletally mature mongrel dogs. Osteonecrosis was treated with either saline (control) or autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation after decompression. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)(More)
Immunological rejection induced by allogeneic Schwann cells remains a problem for construction of artificial nerves. Class II transactivator (CIITA) gene is a chief regulator of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II) molecules which contributes to the immunogenicity of Schwann cells. This study aimed to downregulate MHC II expression by(More)
Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) for vertebral tumour was previously reported by Tomita through a single posterior approach using a T-saw. A modified total en bloc spondylectomy (MTES) technique is reported in the present study. The disc puncture needle with a sleeve was used to obliquely puncture from the posterior to the anterior direction. A T-saw was(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity may play an important role in steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONF); however, the precise mechanism of its pathogenesis remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effects of increased P-gp activity on steroid-induced ONF using a rat model. Rats (n = 60) were treated with either a pharmacological(More)
Circadian genes control most of the physiological functions including cell cycle. Cell proliferation is a critical factor in the differentiation of progenitor cells. However, the role of Clock gene in the regulation of cell cycle via wingless-type (Wnt) pathway and the relationship between Clock and adipogenesis are unclear. We found that the circadian(More)
The use of xenogeneic tissues offers many advantages with respect to availability, quality control, and timing of tissue harvest. Our previous study indicated that implantation of premature tissue constructs from allogeneic synovium-derived stem cells (SDSCs) facilitated cartilage tissue regeneration. The present study investigated the feasibility of(More)
Heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 is a molecular chaperone that maintains the active conformation and function of numerous client oncoproteins in cancer cells. Hsp90 has also been detected on the plasma membrane of cells, and its expression has been suggested to correlate with metastatic potential. We studied the PC3 cell line, which is a highly invasive human(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF(165)) transgenic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for the repair of early-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in mature mongrel dogs. This animal model was surgically established by femoral neck osteotomy and subsequent repinning. Twenty-seven dogs (54 hips) were(More)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the modulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoenzymes in skeletal muscle during 3 h ischemia/reperfusion (I/R, 3 h ischemia followed by 3 h reperfusion). METHODS: The extensor digitorum longuses (EDLs) from 20 adult rats were divided into 4 groups: the normal, the sham operation, the ischemia (3 h), and the ischemia/reperfusion(More)
Effective Schwann cells (SCs) attachment is a prerequisite for the successful construction of tissue-engineered nerve. The present study aimed to investigate the role of an avidin-biotin binding system (ABBS) for neural tissue engineering. The attachment, proliferation, and morphology of biotinylated SCs on avidin-treated scaffolds were examined, and the(More)