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The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) involve multiple pathways, such as inflammation, epithelial mesenchymal transition, coagulation, oxidative stress, and developmental processes. The small GTPase, RhoA, and its target protein, Rho-kinase (ROCK), may interact with other signaling pathways known to contribute to(More)
Recent data in human and mice suggest that monocyte chemokine receptors CX3CR1 and CCR2 are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Our previous study showed that hydrogen sulfide, a novel gaseous mediator hampered the progression of atherosclerosis in fat-fed apoE−/− mice with downregulating CX3CR1 and CX3CL1 expressions. However, there is a(More)
OBJECTIVE Polymyositis-dermatomyositis has been associated with various histological patterns of interstitial lung disease (ILD). This study was to investigate the clinico-pathologic features of interstitial lung diseases associated with polymyositis-dermatomyositis. METHODS We retrospectively identified 26 patients with polymyositis-dermatomyositis(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal, chronic, progressive disease characterized by formation of scar tissue within the lungs. Because it is a disease of unknown etiology, it is difficult to diagnose, to predict disease course and to devise treatment strategies. Recent evidence suggests that activated macrophages play key roles in the pathology(More)
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a useful vertebrate model for use in cardiovascular drug discovery. The present study aimed to construct optimized methods for the study of intravascular lipid metabolism of zebrafish. The lipophilic dye, Oil Red O, was used to stain fasting zebrafish one to eight days post-fertilization (dpf) and to stain 7-dpf zebrafish(More)
Paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity is closely related to coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether PON1 activity can predict the degree of coronary stenosis remains unknown. In the present study, the serum PON1 activity and related factors that influence PON1 activity were analyzed in 186 patients with diagnostic coronary angiography. The serum PON1(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and find out its effective treatment. METHODS A total of 106 cases of SARS were analyzed prospectively. RESULTS In this group, 56 were male and 50 female, aged from 15 to 81 years [average (36 +/- 10) years]. Common symptoms included fever (98.1%), chills(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the predictive value of single and combined indexes in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. METHODS Eighty-eight patients suspected of having sarcoidosis were retrospectively investigated. The diagnostic predictive value of lymphocyte percentage and CD4/CD8 ratio in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and their(More)
OBJECTIVE One of the goals in treating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who suffer from hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and malnutrition is to correct the malnutrition without increasing the respiratory quotient and minimize the production of carbon dioxide. This 3-wk study evaluated the efficacy of feeding a high-fat, low-carbohydrate(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease, which is thought to result from an aberrant immune response. CD4+ T lymphocytes play an important role in the development of granulomas. Previously, the immunopathogenesis of sarcoidosis was focused on Th1/Th2 disturbances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the balance between newer CD4+ T lymphocytes,(More)