Learn More
We determined the crystal structure of the extracellular domain of the mouse nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha1 subunit bound to alpha-bungarotoxin at 1.94 A resolution. This structure is the first atomic-resolution view of a nAChR subunit extracellular domain, revealing receptor-specific features such as the main immunogenic region (MIR), the(More)
At the developing neuromuscular junction, motor neuron-derived agrin triggers the differentiation of postsynaptic membrane into a highly specialized structure, where the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are aggregated into high-density clusters. Agrin acts by activating the muscle-specific kinase MuSK and inducing coaggregation of the 43-kDa(More)
Surface expression of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) requires the assembly of multiple subunits in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Little is known, however, about the mechanism by which assembled receptor pentamers are transported to the cell membrane while unassembled subunits are retained in the ER. Here we report that a motif conserved in(More)
Type 1 deiodinase (D1) metabolizes different forms of thyroid hormones to control levels of T3, the active ligand for thyroid hormone receptors (TR). The D1 gene is itself T3-inducible and here, the regulation of D1 expression by TRalpha1 and TRbeta, which act as T3-dependent transcription factors, was investigated in receptor-deficient mice. Liver and(More)
Motoneuron-derived agrin clusters nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in mammalian muscle cells. We used two-hybrid screens to identify a protein, tumorous imaginal discs (Tid1), that binds to the cytoplasmic domain of muscle-specific kinase (MuSK), a major component of the agrin receptor. Like MuSK, Tid1 colocalizes with AChRs at developing, adult,(More)
Myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs), muscle-specific transcription factors, are implicated in the activity-dependent regulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunit genes. Here we show, with immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and electron microscopy that MyoD, a member of the MRF family, also plays a role in fetal synapse formation. In the(More)
RIC-3 (resistant to inhibitor of cholinesterase) is a transmembrane protein, found in invertebrates and vertebrates, that modulates the surface expression of a variety of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in neurons and other cells. To understand its mechanism of action, we investigated the cellular location, transmembrane topology and cellular(More)
The pituitary transforming gene, PTTG, is abundantly expressed in endocrine neoplasms. PTTG has recently been recognized as a mammalian securin based on its biochemical homology to Pds1p. PTTG expression and intracellular localization were therefore studied during the cell cycle in human placental JEG-3 cells. PTTG mRNA and protein expressions were low at(More)
Neural agrin, an extracellular matrix protein secreted by motor neurons, plays a key role in clustering of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) on postsynaptic membranes of the neuromuscular junction. The action of agrin is critically dependent on an eight-amino acid insert (z8 insert) in the third of three consecutive laminin-like globular (G3) domains(More)
Knockout of the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR) gene results in disrupted placental architecture, imbalanced bone development, and losses of functional neurons. We here report the identification of an enhancer in a functional human LIFR gene promoter and alternative promoter usage by this gene. A single transcription start site was identified in(More)