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The photopigment melanopsin and melanopsin-containing RGCs (mRGCs or ipRGCs) represent a brand-new and exciting direction in the field of visual field. Although the melanopsin is much less sensitive to light and has far less spatial resolution, mRGCs have the unique ability to project to brain areas by the retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) and communicate(More)
Sodium iodate (NaIO3)-induced retina injury is one of models that is commonly used to study various retinal diseases caused by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) injury such as AMD. Previous researches have revealed that RPE and photoreceptors are main impaired objects in this model. By comparison, intra-retinal layer has not been studied in detail after(More)
Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is an important pathogen with zoonotic potential. In this study, a novel in vivo induced protein Ssa, encoded by the functionally unknown gene SSU05_1311, was identified as a surface anchored fibronectin-binding protein. The recombinant Ssa as well as its truncated proteins harboring the N-terminal domain (residues(More)
Retinal regeneration and repair are severely impeded in higher mammalian animals. Although Müller cells can be activated and show some characteristics of progenitor cells when injured or under pathological conditions, they quickly form gliosis scars. Unfortunately, the basic mechanisms that impede retinal regeneration remain unknown. We studied retinas from(More)
Our aim is to define related molecular events on how dormant Müller glia cells re-enter the cell cycle, proliferate and produce new retinal neurons from initial injury to glial scar formation. Sodium iodate (NaIO3) was used to induce acute retinal injury. Long-Evans rats were administered with NaIO3 or phosphate-buffered saline by intraperitoneal injection.(More)
In lower-order vertebrates, Müller glia exhibit characteristics of retinal progenitor cells, while in higher vertebrates, such as mammals, the regenerative capacity of Müller glia is limited. Recently, we reported that Lin28b promoted the trans-differentiation of Müller cells to rod photoreceptor and bipolar cells in the retina of retinitis pigmentosa rat(More)
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