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Mutated measles virus variants have been claimed as the causing agent for subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) developing several years after the recovery from measles infection. However, immune dysfunction may be considered related to a genetic susceptibility to this rare disease. Interleukin (IL)-2 -330 (rs2069 762) and +160 (rs2069 763), IL-12 p40(More)
PURPOSE The typical clinical presentation of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) includes behavioral and intellectual changes followed by myoclonia. However, there are a considerable number of SSPE cases which present with distinct clinical features that can lead to a diagnostic difficulty. In this report, we summarize the clinical features of(More)
Visual-spatial agnosis, praxis deficits and hallucinations can be the features of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) in the early period. This study describes a 15-year-old boy with SSPE presenting with visual agnosia, prosopagnosia, simultanagnosia, optic ataxia, and oculomotor apraxia which are compatible with Balint syndrome. MRI revealed(More)
BACKGROUND Everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, has been used for various benign tumours associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. We assessed the efficacy and safety of two trough exposure concentrations of everolimus, 3-7 ng/mL (low exposure) and 9-15 ng/mL (high exposure), compared with placebo as adjunctive therapy for(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant disorder that often causes refractory seizures. The presence of multiple lesions makes it difficult to identify a single lesion responsible for the epilepsy. Our purpose is to assess the single-voxel proton spectroscopic findings of the tubers in 11 children with tuberous sclerosis complex. Prior to age 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the genetic cause of a rare recessive ataxia presented by 2 siblings from a consanguineous Turkish family with a nonprogressive, congenital ataxia with mental retardation of unknown etiology. METHODS Whole-exome sequencing was combined with homozygosity mapping, linkage, and expression analysis to identify candidate genes, confirmed(More)
Autophagy is required for the homeostasis of cellular material and is proposed to be involved in many aspects of health. Defects in the autophagy pathway have been observed in neurodegenerative disorders; however, no genetically-inherited pathogenic mutations in any of the core autophagy-related (ATG) genes have been reported in human patients to date. We(More)
To investigate T cell responses in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), we analyzed proliferation and cytokine secretion of cells from 35 patients and 42 healthy controls (HC) in response to central nervous system (CNS) antigens. The proliferation in response to myelin basic protein (MBP), myelin oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein (MOG) and(More)
We present the results from the evaluations of three children ages of 2, 7, and 11 years with hemiparesis and multiple white-matter lesions on magnetic resonance images (MRIs). The initial symptoms were mainly acute/subacute hemiparesis in all and headache/vomiting in one of them. Before admission, one of them had a history of upper respiratory tract(More)
PURPOSE To describe the pattern of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging abnormalities in l-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L2HGA) and to evaluate the correlation between imaging abnormalities and disease duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR images in 56 patients (30 male, 26 female; mean age +/- standard deviation, 11.9 years +/- 8.5) with genetically confirmed(More)