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The differences in the course and shape of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in the parapharyngeal space were investigated to determine the possible risks for serious hemorrhage during tonsillectomy, drainage of peritonsillar abscess, soft palate injuries, adenoidectomy and velopharyngeoplasty. The course of the ICA was studied in the parapharyngeal spaces(More)
Variation in the descent of the thyroid gland and during fetal life and regression of the thyroglossal duct is associated with many variations in form of the mature gland. The shape and morphometric details of gland, its extension as the pyramidal lobe (PYR-L) and attachments of the levator glandulae thyroidea were studied in 40 cadavers. We categorized the(More)
Knowledge of carotid bifurcation (CB), common carotid artery (CCA) and its branches and their recognition during diagnostic imaging are also important for vascular surgical procedures in the region, such as carotid endarterectomy or radical neck dissection, catheterization and aneurysms. The surgical anatomy of the carotid arteries was studied in 20(More)
The presence of a unusual appearance of the stylohyoid and digastric muscles may lead to a confusion in some pathological cases, during the radiological examination and aesthetic facial surgery. These differences may cause pharyngeal pain and foreign body sensation in the throat. During the dissection, unusual insertions, origin, insertion, shape and(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the popliteal artery branching patterns and related measurements. METHODS A cadaveric study in forty lower limbs was performed to improve the understanding of anatomy of the popliteal artery and its main branches. RESULTS Normal branching of the popliteal artery was present in 36 specimens (90%). High origin(More)
The aberrant bundles' presence in the anterior belly of the digastric muscle is important in terms of causing asymmetry in the submental region, getting confused with some pathologic cases, radiologic examination, and aesthetic facial surgery. To provide data, aberrant bundles in the submental region were investigated in 30 cadaver heads. During the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to demonstrate some anatomic variations of popliteal artery and its surrounding structures that may be important especially for popliteal artery entrapment (PAE) syndrome. METHODS A cadaveric study in 46 lower limbs was performed to improve the understanding of anatomy of the popliteal artery and its relations with(More)
The superior thyroid artery (STA) is the dominant arterial supply of the thyroid gland, upper larynx and the neck region. The knowledge of variations in possible patterns of origin, courses, and branching pattern of the STA is also important for surgical procedures in the neck region, such as emergency cricothyroidotomy, radical neck dissection,(More)
During dissection of the submental region, the anterior bellies of the right and left digastric muscles were found to have four separate insertions. Two median accessory digastric muscles were located medially to anterior bellies of the digastrics and inferiorly to the mylohyoid and deep in the platysma. The four accessory muscles of the anterior bellies of(More)
The neck region has a great vital value; its variations and known micrometric values are accepted as important orientation points during intervention. Micrometric values of the front branches of the external carotid artery and their relations to the surrounding structures and metric data pertaining to origin locations of the superior thyroid (STA), lingual(More)