Zuhair K. Ballas

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The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) have jointly accepted responsibility for establishing the "Practice parameter for the diagnosis and management of primary immunodeficiency." This is a complete and comprehensive document at the current time. The medical environment(More)
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare syndrome associated with aberrant development of the hair, teeth, and eccrine sweat glands (1). The majority of cases of HED are X-linked and are due to mutations of the gene coding for ectodysplasin-A, a member of the TNF superfamily (2). A minority of cases are autosomal recessive and are due to mutations(More)
Tumor metastasis plays a major role in the morbidity and mortality of cancer patients. Among solid tumors that undergo metastasis, there is often a predilection to metastasize to a particular organ with, for example, prostate cancer preferentially metastasizing to bones and colon cancer preferentially metastasizing to the liver. Although many factors are(More)
The murine cytomegalovirus-encoded protein m157 is a cognate ligand for both inhibitory and activating receptors expressed by natural killer cells. Additionally, m157 is expressed on the surface of infected cells by a glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Although endogenous GPI-anchored proteins are known to be ligands for the NK cell receptor, NKG2D,(More)
PREFACE The purpose of this Practice Parameter for the Diagnosis and Management of Primary Immunodeficiency is to provide the consultant allergist/immunologist with a practical guide for the clinical recognition and diagnosis of immunodeficiency, along with the general principles that guide management of The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and(More)
Substance P (SP) is an undecapeptide with neurotransmitter and immunoregulatory properties. In murine schistosomiasis, ova naturally induce liver and intestinal granulomas. These granulomas contain macrophages, and eosinophils that produce SP. A report showed that human blood monocytes isolated by adherence release interleukin-1 (IL-1) in response to SP(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinemia is a primary humoral immunodeficiency characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and increased susceptibility to infection. Although there is increased awareness of autoimmune and inflammatory complications in X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), the spectrum of gastrointestinal manifestations has not previously been fully explored. We(More)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is the third leading cause of death in the US, and is associated with periodic exacerbations, which account for the largest proportion of health care utilization, and lead to significant morbidity, mortality, and worsening lung function. A subset of patients with COPD have frequent exacerbations, occurring 2 or more(More)
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