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A major diagnostic intervention in the consideration of many patients suspected to have primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) is the application and interpretation of vaccination. Specifically, the antibody response to antigenic challenge with vaccines can provide substantive insight into the status of human immune function. There are numerous vaccines(More)
BACKGROUND Rush immunotherapy (RIT) presents an attractive alternative to standard immunotherapy. However, RIT carries a much greater risk of acute allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody, would be effective in enhancing both safety and efficacy of RIT. METHODS Adult(More)
The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) have jointly accepted responsibility for establishing the "Practice parameter for the diagnosis and management of primary immunodeficiency." This is a complete and comprehensive document at the current time. The medical environment(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that are critical in host defense and immune regulation. They are activated or inhibited through the ligation of germline-encoded receptors and are involved in mediating cytotoxicity, in producing cytokines and in providing co-stimulation to cells of the adaptive immune system. NK cells(More)
The immature plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC) is identical with the principal type I IFN-producing cell upon viral infection. Oligodeoxynucleotides which contain unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG ODN) are recognized by the vertebrate immune system. Previously, we described CpG ODN that strongly activate human B cells and human blood dendritic cells. Here we(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated CpG dinucleotides within specific sequence contexts (CpG motifs) are detected, like bacterial or viral DNA, as a danger signal by the vertebrate immune system. CpG ODN synthesized with a nuclease-resistant phosphorothioate backbone have been shown to be potent Th1-directed adjuvants in mice, but these(More)
BACKGROUND Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing the dinucleotide CpG in a specific sequence context (CpG-ODNs) have the ability to prevent the development of eosinophilic airway inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity in a murine model of asthma. We have previously demonstrated that CpG-ODNs stimulate expression of the T(H1)-inducing cytokines(More)
Immune stimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) with unmethylated CpG motifs are potent inducers of both innate and adaptive immunity. It initially appeared that a single type of optimal CpG motif would work in all applications. We now report that specific motifs of CpG ODN can vary dramatically in their ability to induce individual immune effects and that(More)
Severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by profound defects in cellular and humoral immunity. We report here an infant with clinical and laboratory features of SCID and selective CD4 lymphopenia and lack of CD28 expression on CD8(+) T cells. T cells from this patient showed poor blastogenic responses to various(More)
We have produced a new rat IgG monoclonal antibody against the murine transferrin receptor (TR). This antibody (C2F2) exhibits a surprisingly selective pattern of inhibition of murine lymphocyte activation protocols. C2F2 inhibits the mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) and the generation of cytotoxic T cells. Interestingly, although interleukin 1 (IL(More)