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Blood–brain barrier (BBB) disruption and brain edema formation play important roles in the secondary neuronal death and neurological dysfunction induced by intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Poloxamer 188 (P188), a multiblock copolymer surfactant, has been shown to be capable of sealing damaged cell membranes and decrease neuronal cell death. In this study, we(More)
Most of sensors in a wireless sensor network (WSN) are energy-limited. In order to prolong the network lifetime, some energy-efficient algorithms are proposed. Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy with Deterministic Cluster-Head Selection (L-DCHS) is a well-known distributed clustering algorithm. In this paper, we propose a novel energy-efficient(More)
Testosterone signaling is widely considered to be mediated through the transcription-regulating intracellular androgen receptor (iAR). In the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP we demonstrated the presence of unconventional membrane receptors for testosterone (mAR) besides the classic iAR. Binding sides for testosterone on the surface of LNCaP cells were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) comprise a broad class of small non‑coding RNAs that control the expression of complementary target messenger RNAs. The dysregulation of miRNAs by several mechanisms has been described in various disease states, including cardiac disease. Although an etiological link between viral myocarditis (VMC) and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) results in inflammation, and glucocorticoids have been proven to be effective inhibitors of ICH‑induced inflammation. However, the precise underlying mechanisms of ICH‑induced inflammation and glucocorticoid function remain largely undefined. Using a mouse ICH model, the present study demonstrated that the short non‑coding RNA(More)
Necroptosis was recently discovered as one form of programmed cell death (PCD) and could be specifically inhibited by necrostatin-1. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of necrostatin-1 on brain injury and investigate the role of necrostatin-1 on the other two types PCD (apoptosis and autophagic cell death) in a mouse intracerebral hemorrhage(More)
Perihematomal brain edema formation and consequent cell death contribute to second brain injury resulting in severe neurological deficits and sometimes delayed fatality after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). [Gly14]-Humanin (HNG), a variant of Humanin (HN) in which the 14th amino acid serine is replaced with glycine, reduced Alzheimer's disease-relevant(More)
Mitochondria dysfunction, an enormous potential crisis, has attracted increasing attention. Disturbed regulation of mitochondrial dynamics, the balance of mitochondrial fusion and fission, has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson׳s disease and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. However the role of mitochondrial dynamics in traumatic(More)
Estrogen is traditionally thought to exert genomic actions through members of the nuclear receptor family. Here, we investigated the rapid nongenomic effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) on tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) production following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). We found that LPS induced TNF-α(More)