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High-volume endurance exercise (END) improves glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes (T2D) but many individuals cite 'lack of time' as a barrier to regular participation. High-intensity interval training (HIT) is a time-efficient method to induce physiological adaptations similar to END, but little is known regarding the effect of HIT in T2D. Using continuous(More)
Low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) is emerging as a time-efficient exercise strategy for improving health and fitness. This form of exercise has not been tested in type 2 diabetes and thus we examined the effects of low-volume HIT on glucose regulation and skeletal muscle metabolic capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Eight patients(More)
Inhalation of hypertonic saline aerosol is a relatively noninvasive method to obtain sputum for examination of inflammatory processes in the airways. We investigated some technical factors which might influence the success of induction and sputum cell counts. In total, twenty six asthmatic and 13 healthy subjects, unable to raise sputum spontaneously,(More)
OBJECTIVE Self-management of type 2 diabetes including avoidance of hypoglycemia is complex, but the impact of cognition on safe self-management is not well understood. This study aimed to assess the effect of baseline cognitive function and cognitive decline on subsequent risk of severe hypoglycemia and to assess the effect of different glycemic strategies(More)
We identified two cases of chronic active hepatitis with liver fibrosis induced by lipid lowering drugs of the statin and fibrate classes despite regular monitoring of transaminases. There are few reports of clinically significant hepatitis induced by these drugs and even fewer cases of fibrosis. Given the growing use of these drugs, there are implications(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite increasing recognition of schizophrenia as a risk factor for diabetes, the prevalence and correlates of dysglycemia in people with schizophrenia have not been adequately studied. Discerning the modifiable risk factors is crucial for developing diabetes prevention strategies in schizophrenia. METHODS Socio-demographic, clinical and recent(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) was defined as prognostically relevant myocardial injury due to ischemia that occurs during or within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. The study's four objectives were to determine the diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors, and 30-day outcomes of MINS. METHODS In this international,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship of cognitive performance to exposure to insulin (INS) and thiazolidinediones (TZD) in the ACCORD-MIND cohort. METHODS Participants (55-80years) with type 2 diabetes (T2D), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) >7.5% (>58mmol/mol), and a high risk of cardiovascular events were randomly assigned to receive intensive control targeting(More)
AIMS Thiazolidinediones reduce ectopic fat, increase adiponectin and reduce inflammatory adipokines, fatty acids and glucose in people with Type 2 diabetes. We aimed to measure these effects in people with impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS After approximately 3.5 years of exposure to rosiglitazone 8 mg (n = 88) or placebo(More)