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Because medication prescribing and use have become a normative aspect of health care for older adults, we seek to understand how individuals navigate prescribed-medication use within the context of aging. We reasoned that, for those who are ambulatory, medication use is likely influenced by ethnocultural meanings of health and experiences with alternative(More)
Herbal products are readily available over the counter in health food stores and are often perceived to be without risk. The current Canadian adverse event reporting system suffers from severe underreporting, resulting in a scarcity of safety data on herbal products. Twelve health food store personnel in the Greater Toronto Area were interviewed about their(More)
BACKGROUND Crises affecting civilian infrastructure (including electricity supply, clean water, and access to institutional health services) may have an effect on the delivery of pharmacy services in the community. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to describe and analyze the impact of 2 major crises (the severe acute respiratory syndrome [SARS] outbreak,(More)
BACKGROUND Natural health products (NHPs), such as herbal medicines and vitamins, are widely available over-the-counter and are often purchased by consumers without advice from a healthcare provider. This study examined how consumers respond when they believe they have experienced NHP-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in order to determine how to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether self-assessment and reflection-in-action improves critical thinking among pharmacy students. METHODS A 24-item standardized test of critical thinking was developed utilizing previously-validated questions. Participants were divided into 2 groups (conditions). Those in condition 1 completed the test with no interference; those(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the changing role of the pharmacist in patient-centred practice, pharmacists anecdotally reported little confidence in their clinical decision-making skills and do not feel responsible for their patients. Observational findings have suggested these trends within the profession, but there is a paucity of evidence to explain why. We(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the use of patient-actors as educators in a senior-level pharmacy practice course, and to contrast the value and application of "standardized patient" and "simulated patient" educational methodologies. DESIGN The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) of the licensing examination were utilized during and at the end of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine fourth-year Canadian pharmacy students' knowledge of herbal medicine and whether that knowledge is associated with mandatory instruction in herbal medicine. METHODS Standardized multiple-choice tests assessing students' herbal knowledge were distributed to all fourth-year BSc pharmacy students at 5 pharmacy schools in Canada. (More)
BACKGROUND Self-assessment skills are an integral part of pharmacy education and practice, yet there is very little empirical evidence in health professions to indicate that students and practitioners possess adequate and appropriate self-assessment skills. OBJECTIVES To evaluate self-assessment skills of international pharmacy graduates (pharmacists from(More)