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Because medication prescribing and use have become a normative aspect of health care for older adults, we seek to understand how individuals navigate prescribed-medication use within the context of aging. We reasoned that, for those who are ambulatory, medication use is likely influenced by ethnocultural meanings of health and experiences with alternative(More)
BACKGROUND Crises affecting civilian infrastructure (including electricity supply, clean water, and access to institutional health services) may have an effect on the delivery of pharmacy services in the community. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to describe and analyze the impact of 2 major crises (the severe acute respiratory syndrome [SARS] outbreak,(More)
BACKGROUND Natural health products (NHPs), such as herbal medicines and vitamins, are widely available over-the-counter and are often purchased by consumers without advice from a healthcare provider. This study examined how consumers respond when they believe they have experienced NHP-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in order to determine how to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether self-assessment and reflection-in-action improves critical thinking among pharmacy students. METHODS A 24-item standardized test of critical thinking was developed utilizing previously-validated questions. Participants were divided into 2 groups (conditions). Those in condition 1 completed the test with no interference; those(More)
BACKGROUND Self-assessment skills are an integral part of pharmacy education and practice, yet there is very little empirical evidence in health professions to indicate that students and practitioners possess adequate and appropriate self-assessment skills. OBJECTIVES To evaluate self-assessment skills of international pharmacy graduates (pharmacists from(More)
There is an increasing demand for high-quality experiential placements for pharmacy students. As a result, pharmacy schools across Canada are confronted with the need to find innovative ways to expand experiential educational rotations. Near-peer teaching is one model with the potential to address this issue. Near-peer teaching involves the provision of(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain an understanding of how community pharmacists self-describe their professional role, in order to begin understanding some of the assumptions underlying pharmacy culture. DESIGN Cross-sectional qualitative study. SETTING Edmonton, Canada, and surrounding area. PARTICIPANTS 115 community pharmacists. INTERVENTION Brief telephone(More)
Competency frameworks based on roles definitions are currently being used extensively in health professions education internationally. One of the most successful and widely used models is the CanMEDS Roles Framework. The medical literature has raised questions about both the theoretical underpinnings and the practical application of outcomes-based(More)
Professions generally operate within a shared set of values, symbols, and norms; in short, professions may be characterized as having somewhat unique sub-cultures. As inter-professional teamwork and collaboration gain prominence, understanding the inter-cultural dimensions of professional interactions may be useful in explaining how and why such teams(More)