Zubin Austin

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Competency frameworks based on roles definitions are currently being used extensively in health professions education internationally. One of the most successful and widely used models is the CanMEDS Roles Framework. The medical literature has raised questions about both the theoretical underpinnings and the practical application of outcomes-based(More)
Objectives. An objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was developed and validated as an addition to the entry-to-practice examination for pharmacists that previously consisted of both a multiple-choice, case-based written test of clinical knowledge and a performance assessment. Methods. Designing the OSCE for entry-to-practice certification of(More)
Canadian faculties (schools) of pharmacy are actively engaged in the advancement and restructuring of their programs in response to the shift in pharmacy to pharmacists having/assuming an advanced practitioner role. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of evidence outlining optimal strategies for accomplishing this task. This review explores several(More)
Because medication prescribing and use have become a normative aspect of health care for older adults, we seek to understand how individuals navigate prescribed-medication use within the context of aging. We reasoned that, for those who are ambulatory, medication use is likely influenced by ethnocultural meanings of health and experiences with alternative(More)
Herbal products are readily available over the counter in health food stores and are often perceived to be without risk. The current Canadian adverse event reporting system suffers from severe underreporting, resulting in a scarcity of safety data on herbal products. Twelve health food store personnel in the Greater Toronto Area were interviewed about their(More)
BACKGROUND Natural health products (NHPs), such as herbal medicines and vitamins, are widely available over-the-counter and are often purchased by consumers without advice from a healthcare provider. This study examined how consumers respond when they believe they have experienced NHP-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in order to determine how to(More)
BACKGROUND Crises affecting civilian infrastructure (including electricity supply, clean water, and access to institutional health services) may have an effect on the delivery of pharmacy services in the community. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to describe and analyze the impact of 2 major crises (the severe acute respiratory syndrome [SARS] outbreak,(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain an understanding of how community pharmacists self-describe their professional role, in order to begin understanding some of the assumptions underlying pharmacy culture. DESIGN Cross-sectional qualitative study. SETTING Edmonton, Canada, and surrounding area. PARTICIPANTS 115 community pharmacists. INTERVENTION Brief telephone(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the accuracy of self-assessment skills of senior-level bachelor of science pharmacy students. METHODS A method proposed by Kruger and Dunning involving comparisons of pharmacy students' self-assessment with weighted average assessments of peers, standardized patients, and pharmacist-instructors was used. RESULTS Eighty students(More)