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We have performed a quantitative analysis of the amyloid load (plaques), neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in the frontal, temporal and parietal association cortices of autopsied brains from 49 prospectively evaluated patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosed according to three sets of published pathological criteria. These patients(More)
The effect of the apolipoprotein E genotype on the development of late onset Alzheimer's disease is still debated. Neuropathological studies of Alzheimer's disease have found a great extent of amyloid deposition in cortex and blood vessel walls in association with the apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 genotype [Rebeck G. W. et al. (1993) Neuron 11, 575-580;(More)
This study used immunocytochemistry to explore the expression of cyclins A, B, D, and E and the apoptosis-associated Bax protein in hippocampal subfields of 35 lobectomy specimens with medial temporal lobe sclerosis removed for the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), 2 age-matched controls, and 2 elderly patients suffering from drug-responsive(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a lipid-activated transcription factor regulating lipid metabolism and inflammatory response in macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). These immune cells exposed to distinct inflammatory milieu show cell type specification as a result of altered gene expression. We demonstrate here a mechanism how(More)
Recent reports have suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to the progression of the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, both increases and decreases in the activity of cytochrome oxidase have been described in the hippocampi of AD patients. In this study we used immunohistochemistry and quantitative autoradiographic methods to(More)
Recent studies, showing that cell cycle-related nuclear proteins p105 and Ki-67 are associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related cytoskeletal pathology, suggested that these proteins, in addition to their functions in regulating the cell cycle, may have more specialised functions in the adult nervous system. In order to test this hypothesis we studied(More)
Using immunohistochemistry we have analysed the nuclear expression of cyclins A, B, D, and E in neurones in the hippocampi of control subjects and patients suffering from various neurodegenerative disorders including. Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cyclins A and D could not be detected but varying degrees of cyclin E expression were found in all patient groups(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised by the gradual accumulation of neurofibrillary pathology in selected regions of the brain. Earlier studies indicate that the accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles is associated both with decline in patient's cognitive performance as well as with medial temporal lobe atrophy on CT scans. There are also indications(More)
The belts of endothelial tight junctions, which impede diffusion between blood and brain, were reduced to fragmentary, small junctions in subcultured brain endothelium. When cocultured with the capillaries' nearest neighbor, the astrocytes, these endothelial tight junctions were enhanced in length, width, and complexity, as seen by en face views of the cell(More)
Recent research indicates that apoptotic mechanisms may be involved in cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We studied the expression of three members of the Bcl-2 protein family, Bcl-2, Bcl-x, and Bax, in a selection of senile and DS-related AD patients as well as in controls. These proteins are all associated with apoptotic mechanisms. In contrast to(More)