Zsuzsanna K Zsengeller

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In this report, we show that hyperglycemia-induced overproduction of superoxide by the mitochondrial electron transport chain activates the three major pathways of hyperglycemic damage found in aortic endothelial cells by inhibiting GAPDH activity. In bovine aortic endothelial cells, GAPDH antisense oligonucleotides activated each of the pathways of(More)
Sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and morbid condition that is distinguishable from typical ischemic renal injury by its paucity of tubular cell death. The mechanisms underlying renal dysfunction in individuals with sepsis-associated AKI are therefore less clear. Here we have shown that endotoxemia reduces oxygen delivery to the(More)
Cisplatin is a widely used antineoplastic agent; however, its major limitation is the development of dose-dependent nephrotoxicity whose precise mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we show not only that mitochondrial dysfunction is a feature of cisplatin nephrotoxicity, but also that targeted delivery of superoxide dismutase mimetics to mitochondria(More)
Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation has been implicated in the pathophysiology of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, its exact role and its spatial-temporal relationship with inflammation are elusive. Herein we explore the spatial-temporal relationship of oxidative/nitrative stress and inflammatory response during the course of hepatic(More)
Nitrosative stress, that is, enhanced peroxynitrite formation, has been documented in both experimental and clinical diabetic neuropathy (DN), but its pathogenetic role remains unexplored. This study evaluated the role for nitrosative stress in two animal models of type 1 diabetes: streptozotocin-diabetic mice and diabetic NOD mice. Control (C) and(More)
This study evaluated the effects of aldose reductase inhibition on diabetes-induced oxidative-nitrosative stress and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation. In animal experiments, control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated with or without the aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) fidarestat (16 mg . kg(-1) . day(-1)) for 6 weeks(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to explore the effects of pharmacologic inhibition of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor in in vivo and in vitro models of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity. BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is one of the most potent antitumor agents available; however, its clinical use is limited because of the risk of severe cardiotoxicity. Endocannabinoids(More)
Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Here, we report that the gender-specific inflammatory response is preferentially down-regulated by PARP in male animals. Female mice produce less tumor necrosis factor-alpha and macrophage inflammatory(More)
We hypothesize that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation is an important mechanism in the oxidative stress-related development of diabetic retinopathy. In the experiments reported here, we evaluated if: a) PARP activation is present in the retina in short-term diabetes; and b) PARP inhibitors, 3-aminobenzamide and 1,5-isoquinolinediol, counteract(More)
To evaluate the role of cell-mediated immunity during gene transfer to the respiratory epithelium, the time course of luciferase activity was assessed after intratracheal administration of Av1Luc1, an E1a-E3-deleted adenoviral (Ad5) vector expressing firefly luciferase, to FVB/N, BALB/c and BALB/c-nu/nu adult mice. Adenovirus-mediated luciferase activity(More)