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Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), released from capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves induce local neurogenic inflammation, while somatostatin exerts systemic anti-inflammatory actions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the release of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP-38) and its effects on(More)
Inhibitory actions of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) have been described on cellular/vascular inflammatory components, but there are few data concerning its role in neurogenic inflammation. In this study we measured PACAP-like immunoreactivity with radioimmunoassay in the rat plasma and showed a two-fold elevation in response to(More)
The inflammatory actions of xylene, an aromatic irritant and sensitizing agent, were described to be predominantly neurogenic in the rat, but the mechanism and the role of the Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) capsaicin receptor localized on a subpopulation of sensory nerves has not been elucidated. This paper characterizes the involvement of(More)
The present review focuses on promising new opportunities for anti-inflammatory and analgesic therapy. The theoretical background is an original observation based on our own experimental results. These data demonstrate that somatostatin is released from capsaicin-sensitive, peptidergic sensory nerve endings in response to noxious heat and chemical stimuli(More)
1. Somatostatin (6.11 nmol kg(-1) i.p.) inhibited neurogenic plasma extravasation evoked by 1% mustard oil and non-neurogenic oedema induced by 5% dextran in the rat skin. 2. Cyclic synthetic octapeptide (TT-248 and TT-250) and heptapeptide (TT-232) somatostatin analogues proved to be more effective in reducing neurogenic and non-neurogenic inflammatory(More)
Capsaicin-sensitive, TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1) receptor-expressing primary sensory neurons exert local and systemic efferent effects besides the classical afferent function. The TRPV1 receptor is considered a molecular integrator of various physico-chemical noxious stimuli. In the present study its role was analysed in acute(More)
1. The effect of antidromic stimulation of the sensory fibres of the sciatic nerve on inflammatory plasma extravasation in various tissues and on cutaneous vasodilatation elicited in distant parts of the body was investigated in rats pretreated with guanethidine (8 mg kg(-1), i.p.) and pipecuronium (200 microg kg(-1), i.v.). 2. Antidromic sciatic nerve(More)
In rats anaesthetized with urethan and pretreated with pipecuronium bromide nocifensive reaction of blood pressure elevation evoked by intraarterial capsaicin injection was inhibited over 40 min by bilateral antidromic stimulation of the sensory fibres of the sciatic nerves. Rise in blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory frequency evoked by capsaicin(More)
A specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay was developed in our laboratory for measuring plasma and tissue somatostatin levels. The hormone content of arterial blood and skin samples of untreated and mustard oil (a specific agent causing neurogenic inflammation) treated animals was detected by this method. The somatostatin level of the inflamed tissue was(More)
1. Neurogenic plasma extravasation evoked by topical application of 1% vv(-1) mustard oil on the skin of the acutely denervated rat hindleg (primary reaction) inhibited the development of a subsequent oil-induced plasma extravasation induced in the skin of the contralateral hindleg by 49.3+/-7.06% (n=9) and in the conjunctival mucosa due to 0.1% wv(-1)(More)