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The gene encoding factor C (facC), an extracellular signal protein involved in cellular differentiation, was cloned from Streptomyces griseus 45H, and the complete nucleotide sequence was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence was confirmed by HPLC/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry analysis. The full-length protein consists of 324 amino acids(More)
Factor C is an extracellular signal protein involved in cellular differentiation in Streptomyces griseus. Nuclease S1 mapping experiments revealed that transcription of the gene takes place from a single promoter in a developmental-stage specific manner. The latter was also confirmed by in vivo promoter probing. The sequence of its promoter suggests that(More)
Factor C, an extracellular signal protein of cellular differentiation, was studied and significant homology was found to several zinc finger-type regulatory proteins. The complete amino acid sequence, deduced from the gene, that encodes the protein, did not support the hypothesis that this protein might be a zinc finger-type regulatory protein. However, a(More)
Members of the prokaryotic genus Streptomyces produce over 60% of all known antibiotics and a wide range of industrial enzymes. A leading theme in microbiology is which signals are received and transmitted by these organisms to trigger the onset of morphological differentiation and antibiotic production. The small gamma-butyrolactone A-factor is an(More)
Streptomyces griseus strain 45H, isolated in 1960 during a mutagenesis programme on the industrial streptomycin producer S. griseus 52-1, encodes an extracellular, pleiotropic autoregulatory signalling protein, factor C, which stimulates sporulation of S. griseus 52-1 in submerged culture. The facC gene, which codes for factor C, is present in very few(More)
The small gamma-butyrolactone A-factor is an important autoregulatory signaling molecule for the soil-inhabiting streptomycetes. Starvation is a major trigger for development, and nutrients are provided by degradation of the vegetative mycelium via a process of programmed cell death, reusing proteins, nucleic acids, and cell wall material. The A-factor(More)
The Gram-positive soil-borne streptomycetes exhibit a complex life cycle that is controlled by extracellular regulatory molecules. One interesting autoregulator is the protein factor C, originally isolated from the culture fluid of S. albidoflavus 45H. Southern hybridizations and database searches revealed that although homologues of factor C are not(More)
Factor C is an unusual extracellular protein capable of inducing cytodifferentiation in certain Streptomyces strains. The protein is produced by Streptomyces griseus 45H at such a low amount that the study of its mode of action was hindered by the shortage of purified protein. We report here the expression of C-terminally hexa-His-tagged factor C in(More)
A spontaneous deletion probably caused by rec A independent recombination between short-direct repeat sequences was observed in pUC19 plasmid carrying a piece of Streptomyces genomic DNA after culturing in liquid medium. The deletion removed an unknown portion of the cloned DNA and the BamHI-EcoRI part of the multiple cloning site with an additional(More)
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