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Head injury is a causative factor in the development of temporal lobe epilepsy. However, whether a single episode of concussive head trauma causes a persistent increase in neuronal excitability in the limbic system has not been unequivocally determined. This study used the rodent fluid percussion injury (FPI) model, in combination with electrophysiological(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and immunocytochemical experiments were performed to determine the short- and long-term effects of lateral fluid percussion head injury on the perisomatic inhibitory control of dentate granule cells in the adult rat, with special reference to the development of trauma-induced hyperexcitability. One week after the delivery(More)
1. Cytochemical and in vitro whole-cell patch clamp techniques were used to investigate granule cell hyperexcitability in the dentate gyrus 1 week after fluid percussion head trauma. 2. The percentage decrease in the number of hilar interneurones labelled with either GAD67 or parvalbumin mRNA probes following trauma was not different from the decrease in(More)
Febrile seizures are the most common seizure type in young children. Whether they induce death of hippocampal and amygdala neurons and consequent limbic (temporal lobe) epilepsy has remained controversial, with conflicting data from prospective and retrospective studies. Using an appropriate-age rat model of febrile seizures, we investigated the acute and(More)
Efficient genetic modification of herpesviruses such as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has come to rely on bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) technology. In order to facilitate this approach, we generated a new KSHV BAC clone, called BAC16, derived from the rKSHV.219 virus, which stems from KSHV and Epstein-Barr virus-coinfected JSC1(More)
By means of a condenser discharge electric shock paradigm, "dark" (compacted) granule neurons were momentarily produced in the hippocampal dentate gyri of rats, which were sacrificed either immediately or following survival periods ranging from 1h to 30 days. Except for the morphological changes related to the formation, recovery or death of the "dark"(More)
The human cytomegalovirus protein pUL69 belongs to a family of regulatory factors that is conserved within the Herpesviridae and includes the proteins ICP27 of herpes simplex virus type 1 and EB2 of Epstein-Barr virus. ICP27 and EB2 have been shown to facilitate the nuclear export of viral mRNAs via interacting with the cellular mRNA export factor REF.(More)
Virus infection triggers interferon (IFN)-mediated innate immune defenses in part through viral nucleic acid interactions. However, the immune recognition mechanisms by which the host identifies incoming DNA viruses are still elusive. Here, we show that increased levels of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) persistency are observed in retinoic(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) excites hippocampal neurons and induces death of selected CA3 pyramidal cells in immature rats. These actions of CRH require activation of specific receptors that are abundant in CA3 during early postnatal development. Given the dramatic effects of CRH on hippocampal neurons and the absence of CRH-containing afferents(More)
Central to NF-κB signaling pathways is IKKγ/NEMO, a regulatory subunit of the cytoplasmic IκB kinase (IKK) complex, which undergoes various posttranslational modifications, specifically phosphorylation, to regulate its function. Furthermore, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) FADD-like interleukin-1β (IL-1β) converting enzyme (FLICE) inhibitory(More)