Learn More
Various acute brain pathological conditions are characterized by the presence of elevated glutamate concentrations in the brain interstitial fluids. It has been established that a decrease in the blood glutamate level enhances the brain-to-blood efflux of glutamate, removal of which from the brain may prevent glutamate excitotoxicity and its contribution to(More)
It is well known that traumatic or ischemic brain injury is followed by acute excitotoxicity caused by the presence of abnormally high glutamate (Glu) in brain fluids. It has recently been demonstrated that excess Glu can be eliminated from brain into blood following the intravenous administration of oxaloacetate (OxAc), which, by scavenging blood Glu,(More)
A traumatic brain injury or a focal brain lesion is followed by acute excitotoxicity caused by the presence of abnormally high glutamate (Glu) levels in the cerebrospinal and interstitial fluids. It has recently been demonstrated that this excess Glu in the brain can be eliminated into the blood following the intravenous administration of oxaloacetate(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is known to replicate within the limbic system and to alter behavior in both humans and experimental animals. However, the reason why the virus selectively damages this anatomical, developmental, and functional neural unit remains a mystery. Nor is it known why herpes simplex encephalitis fails to respect these neuroanatomical(More)
Postconditioning can be induced by a broad range of stimuli within minutes to days after an ischemic cerebral insult. A special form is elicited by pharmacological intervention called second pathophysiological stress. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of low-dose (5 mg/kg) kainate postconditioning with onsets 0, 24 and 48 h after the ischemic(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) involves a slowly-propagating depolarization wave in the cortex, which can appear in numerous pathophysiological conditions, such as migraine with aura, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. Neurons and glial cells are also depolarized transiently during the phenomena. CSD is followed by a massive increase in glutamate(More)
AIMS Brain ischaemia models are essential to study the pathomechanisms of stroke. Our aim was to investigate the reliability and reproducibility of our novel focal ischaemia-reperfusion model. METHODS To induce a cortical transient ischaemic attack, we lifted the distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) with a special hook. The early changes after 2 × 15-min(More)
 The aim of the present study was to examine the physiological consequences of a unilateral infraorbital nerve lesion and its regeneration at different levels of the somatosensory neuraxis. In animals whose right infraorbital nerve had been crushed, a large unresponsive area was found in the main brainstem trigeminal nucleus (Pr5). Responses evoked by(More)
Kynurenic acid is an endogenous product of the tryptophan metabolism, and as a broad-spectrum antagonist of excitatory amino acid receptors may serve as a protective agent in neurological disorders. The use of kynurenic acid as a neuroprotective agent is rather limited, however, because it has only restricted ability to cross the blood–brain barrier.(More)
Global forebrain ischemia results in damage to the pyramids in the CA1 hippocampal subfield, which is particularly vulnerable to excitotoxic processes. Morphological and functional disintegration of this area leads to a cognitive dysfunction and neuropsychiatric disorders. Treatment with N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonists is a widely accepted method(More)