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While Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes serious infections in birds, it is apparently nonpathogenic in mammalian species, including humans. Previous observations and small-scale clinical trials indicated that NDV exerts oncolytic effects. Isolates of NDV were found to have selective affinity to transformed cells. We previously showed that the attenuated(More)
The avian paramyxovirus Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes severe infections in birds. It is essentially nonpathogenic in rodents and human beings but was found to have an oncolytic potential against certain types of human malignancies. An attenuated NDV vaccine (designated MTH-68/H) was found to cause regression of various human tumors, but the mechanism(More)
The attenuated Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) vaccine MTH-68/H has been found to cause regression of various tumors including certain types of human neoplasms (See Table 1 and References 86-88). The mechanism of its oncolytic action is poorly understood, but it appears to affect specific signaling pathways in the target cell. We studied the cellular effects(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts neuroprotective effects in various in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral pathologies. It has been shown that PACAP protects neurons in rat models of both global and focal ischemia. In the present study, we investigated factors that may play a role in the neuroprotective effects of PACAP.(More)
PC12 rat phaeochromocytoma cells show neuronal differentiation upon NGF treatment. NGF induces prolonged activation of the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway in which the 42/44 kDa mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), ERK 1 and 2 are thought to be the key mediators of the differentiation signals. Activation of ERKs leads to the increased transcription of early(More)
Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs, also known as bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells) are promising tools for the cellular therapy of human pathologies related to various forms of hypoxia. Although the current concepts of their clinical use include the expansion of hBMSC in standard cell culture conditions, the effect of the mitogen-driven ex(More)
N-α-Tosyl-l-phenylalanyl chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) is an affinity label for chymotrypsin-like proteases and has been extensively used as an experimental tool in apoptosis research to probe the role of proteases in cell death. While TPCK blocks some apoptotic changes and induces others, the cellular target or targets for TPCK have not been identified. Here(More)
Hypoxia is a common micro-environmental stress which is experienced by cells during a range of physiologic and pathophysiologic processes. The identification of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) as the master regulator of the transcriptional response to hypoxia transformed our understanding of the mechanism underpinning the hypoxic response at the(More)
Hepatocyte death is an important contributing factor in a number of diseases of the liver. PHD1 confers hypoxic sensitivity upon transcription factors including the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB). Reduced PHD1 activity is linked to decreased apoptosis. Here, we investigated the underlying mechanism(s) in hepatocytes. Basal(More)