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Five QX-like infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains, isolated from different field outbreaks and two reference IBV strains of known serotypes (M41 and 793/B), were used in the present study to investigate and compare their pathogenicity for 1-day-old specific pathogen free chickens. The ability of the strains to inhibit trachea epithelium ciliary(More)
Hungary is a world leader in lung cancer deaths, so it is of crucial importance that patients have access to modern treatments. The aim of our analysis was to explore how drug treatments are used in Hungary and how they are compatible with international practice. The inpatient and prescription database of the National Health Insurance Fund Administration of(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of rapid freezing on the in vitro and in vivo survival of zona-pellucida-free hatched mouse blastocysts. Hatched blastocysts were rapidly frozen in a freezing medium containing either ethylene glycol (EG) or glycerol (G) in 1.5 M or 3 M concentration. Prior to freezing, embryos were equilibrated(More)
Medical records of 80 dogs diagnosed with acute pancreatitis during a 4-year period were evaluated regarding history, breed predilection, clinical signs and additional examination findings. Cases were selected if compatible clinical symptoms, increased serum activity of amylase or lipase and morphologic evidence of pancreatitis by ultrasonography,(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate persistence of oral antidiabetic treatment is highly important to achieve proper glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistence of initial treatment with metformin and/or sulphonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL/METHODS The study was performed among diabetic(More)
Hematologic and plasma biochemistry parameters of the white stork (Ciconia ciconia) were studied. Blood samples were taken from a total of 80 adult white storks kept in captivity in Hungarian zoos and bird repatriation stations, between 2002 and 2006. Hematologic (packed cell volume, 46.3% +/- 5.3%; hemoglobin concentration, 127.8 +/- 20.4 g/L; red blood(More)
INTRODUCTION Persistence with lipid-lowering drug therapy by cardiovascular patients in Hungary has not been studied previously. This study was designed to determine the rate with which Hungarian patients with hyperlipidemia persist in taking lipid-lowering agents, and to compare this with rates reported from other countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic reference pricing (TRP) based on the WHO daily defined dose (DDD) is a method frequently employed for the cost-containment of pharmaceuticals. Our objective was to compare average drug use in the real world with DDD and to evaluate whether TRP based on DDD could result in cost savings on maintenance medication and the total direct(More)
UNLABELLED To estimate the prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation in the entire population of Hungary. METHODS Analysis of the National Health Insurance Fund Administration database between 2007 and 2009 considering data from 2002. We assumed that patients with atrial fibrillation would turn to health care providers at least once either as(More)