Zsofia Lazar

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Myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (mDCs, pDC) are crucial to the immune system, detecting microorganisms and linking the innate and adaptive immunity. pDC are present in small quantities in tissues that are in contact with the external environment; mainly the skin, the inner lining of the nose, lungs, stomach and intestines. They produce large(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Results of therapeutic interventions are particularly discouraging when the disease is discovered in an advanced stage. Early diagnosis is limited by the fact that the disease usually develops asymptomatically and available screening methods do not fulfil the requirements for reliable discrimination between(More)
Studying the visceral effects of the sensory stimulant capsaicin is a useful and relatively simple tool of neurotransmitter identification and has been used for this purpose for approximately 25 years in the authors' and other laboratories. We believe that conclusions drawn from experiments on visceral preparations may have an impact on studies dealing with(More)
An attempt has been made to pharmacologically isolate cholinergic, P(2) purinoceptor-mediated and peptidergic (capsaicin-sensitive, tachykinin-mediated) contraction of the guanethidine-treated rat bladder detrusor preparation, in vitro. The effect of experimental diabetes was assessed on these types of contraction. Responses were evoked by electrical field(More)
Repeated experiments to localise serotonin in the myenteric plexus of rabbit ileum failed. After preincubation in serotonin (10(-5) M), an extensive varicose fibre system was detected by immunocytochemical methods. Stained fibres left the myenteric plexus and ran to the muscle layers. Labelled cell bodies could not be found, even after pretreatment with(More)
Molecular profiling of exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOC) by electronic nose technology provides breathprints that discriminate between patients with different inflammatory airway diseases, such as asthma and COPD. However, it is unknown whether this is determined by differences in airway caliber. We hypothesized that breathprints obtained by(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) may be an important neurotransmitter in the gastrointestinal tract. The present study examined the motor effects of exogenous ATP on longitudinally-oriented preparations of the guinea-pig isolated ileum and the influence of drugs on the ATP-induced responses. High micromolar concentrations of ATP caused two types of(More)
AIM To determine the reasons for large standard deviation of bronchodilator response (BDR) and establish whether there is a potential heritable component in healthy subjects. METHODS 67 monozygotic and 42 dizygotic adult twin pairs were assessed for bronchodilator response (% change in FEV1 after inhaling 400 µg salbutamol). Univariate quantitative(More)
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