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OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder in children, which is associated with enhanced inflammatory status. Inflammation-associated changes could be monitored by the assessment of exhaled biomarker profile. This study aimed to compare the exhaled biomarker profile in children with OSAS and habitual snorers. METHODS(More)
Repeated experiments to localise serotonin in the myenteric plexus of rabbit ileum failed. After preincubation in serotonin (10(-5) M), an extensive varicose fibre system was detected by immunocytochemical methods. Stained fibres left the myenteric plexus and ran to the muscle layers. Labelled cell bodies could not be found, even after pretreatment with(More)
RATIONALE Exhaled breath condensate pH has been proposed as a noninvasive marker of airway inflammation. However, due to standardization difficulties in pH measurement techniques, different pH readings were obtained in previous studies. OBJECTIVES In this longitudinal study we assessed condensate pH in patients with an exacerbation of asthma or chronic(More)
Electronic noses represent a technique for the measurement of exhaled breath volatile compound pattern which can discriminate patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) from control subjects. Although overnight changes in circulating biomarkers were reported, this effect on the exhaled volatile compound pattern has not been studied before. We aimed to(More)
Electronic noses (e-noses) represent an easy and cheap method for exhaled volatile compound analysis. Various electronic noses are available which differ in material and thus analytical performance. In this review, we describe a wide range of electronic noses and summarize data on the methodological issues in electronic nose research. We also review studies(More)
The effect of hypoxic relapse of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on lung adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration was studied measuring ATP in exhaled breath condensate (EBC). Thirty COPD patients with severe exacerbation, thirteen healthy non-smokers and thirteen healthy smokers. ATP was detected using a luciferin-luciferase assay, dilution(More)
An attempt has been made to pharmacologically isolate cholinergic, P(2) purinoceptor-mediated and peptidergic (capsaicin-sensitive, tachykinin-mediated) contraction of the guanethidine-treated rat bladder detrusor preparation, in vitro. The effect of experimental diabetes was assessed on these types of contraction. Responses were evoked by electrical field(More)
Studying the visceral effects of the sensory stimulant capsaicin is a useful and relatively simple tool of neurotransmitter identification and has been used for this purpose for approximately 25 years in the authors' and other laboratories. We believe that conclusions drawn from experiments on visceral preparations may have an impact on studies dealing with(More)
The measurement of the peak exhaled breath temperature (EBT) during multiple tidal breaths offers an easy, non-invasive tool for monitoring airway inflammation. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is linked to airway inflammation, which is further aggravated by exacerbations of the disease. However, the peak EBT has not been studied in patients(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) may be an important neurotransmitter in the gastrointestinal tract. The present study examined the motor effects of exogenous ATP on longitudinally-oriented preparations of the guinea-pig isolated ileum and the influence of drugs on the ATP-induced responses. High micromolar concentrations of ATP caused two types of(More)