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Both endothelins and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) appear in capsaicin-sensitive neurons. We have investigated the effects of human endothelin-1 (ET-1) and CRF in the guinea-pig ileum longitudinal and circular preparations and sought for ways of specific antagonism. With the aid of tachyphylaxis to capsaicin (i.e., rendering capsaicin-sensitive(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Results of therapeutic interventions are particularly discouraging when the disease is discovered in an advanced stage. Early diagnosis is limited by the fact that the disease usually develops asymptomatically and available screening methods do not fulfil the requirements for reliable discrimination between(More)
The chemical neuroanatomy of the stomatogastric nervous system of the earthworm, Eisenia fetida, has been investigated, using antibodies raised against serotonin, tyrosine hydroxylase, octopamine, GABA, FMRFamide, proctolin, Eisenia tetradecapeptide and neuropeptide Y. Neurons immunoreactive to these antibodies can be observed in the stomatogastric ganglia.(More)
The relaxant effect of capsaicin (300 nM) has been studied on mucosa-free circular strips of the human sigmoid colon in vitro. The response of precontracted preparations to capsaicin (sub-maximal relaxation) was reduced by over 50% by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(G)-nitro- L-arginine (L-NOARG; 20 microM or 100 microM) or by the guanylate cyclase(More)
The effects of the P(2)-purinoceptor antagonist pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl- 2('),4(')- disulphonic acid (PPADS), the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor N(G)-nitro- l -arginine (l -NOARG), the K(+)-channel blocker apamin, the pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) antagonist PACAP(6-38) and the sensory neuron-blocking drug capsaicin(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide-(1-38) (PACAP) have been found to stimulate distension-induced peristaltic motility in the guinea-pig isolated small intestine. In this study, we tested whether the putative VIP/PACAP receptor antagonist PACAP-(6-38) counteracts the properistaltic effect of VIP and(More)
The contractile effect of capsaicin in the guinea-pig small intestine involves an activation of enteric cholinergic neurons. Our present data show that the P(2) purinoceptor antagonist pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS, 30 microM) significantly reduces the contractile response to capsaicin (2 microM) in the presence, but not in(More)
The effect of the pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptor antagonist PACAP(6-38) on the relaxant response to exogenous PACAP, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and nonadrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve stimulation was tested in the guinea-pig taenia caeci, in the presence of atropine (10(-6) M) and guanethidine(More)
Relations between P2 purinoceptors and capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons include an excitatory action of P2 purinoceptor agonists on spinal afferent neurons, as well as release of ATP from afferents at their central and peripheral endings, and a possible participation of ATP in nociception and/or in 'local efferent' responses mediated by sensory nerves at(More)
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