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Astroglial cells are essential components of the neurogenic niches within the central nervous system. Emerging evidence suggests that they are among the key regulators of postnatal neurogenesis. Although astrocytes have been demonstrated to possess the potential to instruct stem cells to adopt a neuronal fate, little is known about the nature of the(More)
An in vitro "scratch-wound" model was used to evoke and investigate some astroglial responses to mechanical injury. The changes in the morphology, locomotion, and proliferation of injured astrocytes were analysed under culture conditions devoid of blood-derived cells responsible for activating the inflammatory cascade. The rate of proliferation was(More)
A novel assay based on micropatterning and time-lapse microscopy has been developed for the study of nuclear migration dynamics in cultured mammalian cells. When cultured on 10-20-microm wide adhesive stripes, the motility of C6 glioma and primary mouse fibroblast cells is diminished. Nevertheless, nuclei perform an unexpected auto-reverse motion: when a(More)
Phagocytosis and prostaglandin E(2) production were investigated in purified cultures of perinatal rat forebrain astrocytes. Light and electron microscopic data indicated that astrocytes respond to bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by increased phagocytosis and by activating the cyclooxygenase enzyme-pathway. LPS-inducible phagocytosis of(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (RA), a potent inducer of neural development in non-committed neuroectodermal precursors and also, a teratogenic agent for early prosencephalic development is reported to promote the survival and differentiation of embryonic forebrain neurons, in vitro. In cultures of embryonic (E13, E15) rat forebrain cells, long-term (2-5 days)(More)
Monolayer cultures from hypothalami of embryonic, fetal and postnatal rats were established to study the development of oxytocin-secreting neurons in vitro. Particular culture conditions, known to enhance the survival and growth of different types of neural cells in vitro, were used to investigate the conditions necessary for the appearance and survival of(More)
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