Zoya Galcheva-Gargova

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Estrogen is an important vasoprotective molecule that causes the rapid dilation of blood vessels by activating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) through an unknown mechanism. In studies of intact ovine endothelial cells, 17beta-estradiol (E2) caused acute (five-minute) activation of eNOS that was unaffected by actinomycin D but was fully inhibited by(More)
BACKGROUND There is an urgent need to determine whether oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (OSCS), a compound contaminating heparin supplies worldwide, is the cause of the severe anaphylactoid reactions that have occurred after intravenous heparin administration in the United States and Germany. METHODS Heparin procured from the Food and Drug(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play a key role in shaping the tumor microenvironment by presenting growth factors, cytokines, and other soluble factors that are critical for host cell recruitment and activation, as well as promoting tumor progression, metastasis, and survival. M402 is a rationally engineered, non-cytotoxic heparan sulfate (HS)(More)
The zinc finger protein ZPR1 is present in the cytoplasm of quiescent mammalian cells and translocates to the nucleus upon treatment with mitogens, including epidermal growth factor (EGF). Homologues of ZPR1 were identified in yeast and mammals. These ZPR1 proteins bind to eukaryotic translation elongation factor-1 a (eEF-1 a ). Studies of mammalian cells(More)
We have studied the effect of chromatin condensation on the morphology of the residual structures isolated from rat liver nuclei. DNAse I digestion followed by high salt extraction of nuclei in the presence of Mg++ yields residual structures consisting of a dense peripheral layer surrounding an internal network, similar to those described by Berezney and(More)
Merlin, the protein product of the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene (NF2) acts as a tumor suppressor in mice and humans. In this study, melanoma B16F10 cells were engineered to overexpress the NF2 gene by establishing stable transductants. A cell line overexpressing Merlin (B16F10-M) was generated. When compared to the parental cells, the B16F10-M cells(More)
The zinc finger protein ZPR1 is present in the cytoplasm of quiescent mammalian cells and translocates to the nucleus upon treatment with mitogens, including epidermal growth factor (EGF). Homologues of ZPR1 were identified in yeast and mammals. These ZPR1 proteins bind to eukaryotic translation elongation factor-1 a (eEF-1 a ). Studies of mammalian cells(More)
Rat and mouse spermatogenic cells contain a family of 1700-nucleotide (nt) proenkephalin mRNAs that are generated from an alternate, germ cell-specific promoter. This promoter is located approximately 350 base pairs (bp) downstream of the promoter used in somatic cells, within the first intron for the somatic transcript. In a previous study, rat(More)
Melanoma B16-F10 cells and Lewis lung carcinoma LL/2 cells were engineered with a bacterial gene -- chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) -- by establishing stable transductants. Expression of CAT in both cell types did not alter the ability of these cells to grow into tumors when injected subcutaneously into mice. In addition, the measurement of CAT(More)
We have been able to demonstrate that a fraction of DNA becomes crosslinked to nuclear lamina shells isolated from Ehrlich ascites tumour cells irradiated with UV light. Terminal labeling of short DNA fragments covalently attached to proteins reveals that DNA has become crosslinked to all three lamins and to a protein comigrating with vimentin.