Zorina S . Galis

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Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease results in >19 million deaths annually, and coronary heart disease accounts for the majority of this toll. Despite major advances in treatment of coronary heart disease patients, a large number of victims of the disease who are apparently healthy die suddenly without prior symptoms. Available screening and diagnostic(More)
Dysregulated extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism may contribute to vascular remodeling during the development and complication of human atherosclerotic lesions. We investigated the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of enzymes that degrade ECM components in human atherosclerotic plaques (n = 30) and in uninvolved arterial specimens(More)
Vulnerable areas of atherosclerotic plaques often contain lipid-laden macrophages and display matrix metalloproteinase activity. We hypothesized that reactive oxygen species released by macrophage-derived foam cells could trigger activation of latent proforms of metalloproteinases in the vascular interstitium. We showed that in vivo generated macrophage(More)
Vascular remodeling, defined as any enduring change in the size and/or composition of an adult blood vessel, allows adaptation and repair. On the other hand, inappropriate remodeling, including its absence, underlies the pathogenesis of major cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Since degradation of the extracellular matrix(More)
Vascular matrix remodeling occurs during development, growth, and several pathological conditions that affect blood vessels. We investigated the capacity of human smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to express matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), enzymes that selectively digest components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), in the basal state or after stimulation with(More)
BACKGROUND The major source of superoxide (.O2-) in vascular tissues is an NADH/NADPH-dependent, membrane-bound oxidase. We have previously shown that this oxidase is activated in angiotensin II-but not norepinephrine-induced hypertension. We hypothesized that hypertension associated with chronically elevated angiotensin II might be caused in part by(More)
-To characterize remodeling of elastic arteries with aging and to investigate its potential mechanisms, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), intracellular adhesive molecule-1 (ICAM-1), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), and fibronectin protein levels were measured in the aortas of young adult (6 months) and aged (30 months) Fischer 344XBN rats. At(More)
Matrix remodeling plays an important role in the physiological and pathological remodeling of blood vessels. We specifically investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, an MMP induced during arterial remodeling, by assessing the effects of genetic MMP-9 deficiency on major parameters of arterial remodeling using the mouse carotid artery flow(More)
Even though degradation products of biodegradable polymers are known to be largely non-cytotoxic, little detailed information is available regarding the degradation rate-dependent acidic byproduct effect of the scaffold. In vitro and in vivo scaffold degradation rate could be differentiated using a fast degrading polymer (e.g., poly D, L-lactic-glycolic(More)
We investigated whether inflammatory cytokines or oxidized low density lipoproteins (Ox-LDL) present in human atheroma modulate extracellular matrix degradation by inducing membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) expression. Cultured human endothelial cells (EC) constitutively expressed MT1-MMP mRNA and protein with enzymatic activity. Tumor(More)