Learn More
The purpose of this study was 1) to answer whether the reduction in spleen size in breath-hold apnea is an active contraction or a passive collapse secondary to reduced splenic arterial blood flow and 2) to monitor the spleen response to repeated breath-hold apneas. Ten trained apnea divers and 10 intact and 7 splenectomized untrained persons repeated five(More)
During and after decompression from dives, gas bubbles are regularly observed in the right ventricular outflow tract. A number of studies have documented that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function. The present study investigated if diving or oxygen(More)
PURPOSE Prevention of bubble formation is a central goal in standard decompression procedures. Previously we have shown that exercise 20-24 h prior to a dive reduces bubble formation and increases survival in rats exposed to a simulated dive. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that nitric oxide (NO) may be involved in this protection; blocking the production(More)
Exercising before, during, or after diving is proscribed because of the assumption that it would increase incidence of decompression sickness. Our findings show that exercise performed in a timely fashion before diving or during decompression will reduce the number of venous gas bubbles formed. Exercise after diving did not increase the number of bubbles.(More)
1. The human spleen sequesters 200-250 mL densely packed red blood cells. Up to 50% of this viscous blood is actively expelled into the systemic circulation during strenuous exercise or simulated apnoea (breath-hold) diving. The contribution of splenic contraction to changes in the circulating volume of red blood cells (RBCV), as well as the venous(More)
Sympathetic vasoconstriction of muscle vascular beds is important in the regulation of systemic blood pressure. However, vasoconstriction during exercise can also compromise blood flow support of muscle metabolism. This study tested the hypothesis that local factors in exercising muscle blunt vessel responsiveness to sympathetic vasoconstriction. We(More)
We have previously shown in a rat model that a single bout of high-intensity aerobic exercise 20 h before a simulated dive reduces bubble formation and after the dive protects from lethal decompression sickness. The present study investigated the importance of these findings in man. Twelve healthy male divers were compressed in a hyperbaric chamber to 280(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine how exercise-induced analgesia is affected by the duration and intensity of aerobic exercise. DESIGN Repeated-measures design. SETTING Exercise science laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Convenience sample of 12 healthy male and female volunteers (mean age +/- standard deviation, 32+/-9 y). INTERVENTIONS Pain ratings were assessed before(More)
The effects of maximal apneas on cerebral and brachial blood flow and oxygenation are unknown in humans. Middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCAV), cerebral and muscle oxygenation (Sc(O2) and Sm(O2)) and brachial blood flow (BBF) were measured during apneas in breath-hold divers (BHD) and non-divers (ND). Brain oxyhemoglobin (O(2)Hb) was maintained in(More)
We investigated the spleen volume changes as related to the cardiovascular responses during short-duration apneas at rest. We used dynamic ultrasound splenic imaging and noninvasive photoplethysmographic cardiovascular measurements before, during, and after 15-20 s apneas in seven trained divers. The role of baroreflex was studied by intravenous bolus of(More)