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BACKGROUND The liquid culture of murine bone marrow cells at 1-percent oxygen maintains the balance between primative progenitor cell renewal and clonogenic progenitor expansion better than that at 20-percent oxygen. These results are of potential interest for the ex vivo expansion of human progenitor cells, as low O(2) tension could preserve the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with a conventional 1.5-T system for depiction and tracking of intravascularly injected superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted in accordance with French law governing animal research and met guidelines for animal(More)
Although the utilization of IL-3 in the ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells has been considered as an attractive possibility, its mode of action remains unclear and controversial. Some reports show that IL-3 maintains or even enhances primitive stem cell activity, whereas others show the opposite. The presence of serum in culture media enhances(More)
We developed previously a hypoxic culture system in which progenitors endowed with marrow-repopulating ability (MRA), unlike committed progenitors, were selected and maintained better than in air. We report here an improvement to this system targeted at combining the maintenance of progenitors sustaining MRA with the numerical expansion of multipotent and(More)
Physiological bone marrow oxygen concentrations are everywhere lower than 4% and almost null in some areas. We compared the effects of 20%, 3%, and 0.1% O2 concentrations on cord blood CD34+ cell survival, cycle, and functionality in serum-free cultures for 72 hours with or without interleukin-3 (IL-3). As from 24 hours, IL-3 improved cell survival and(More)
This paper describes fuzzy logic control of induction generator speed in wind turbine application. The aim of fuzzy controller is to establishe maximum power delivery to the grid from available wind power. Fully-controlled wind turbine which consists of induction generator and back-to-back converter is under estimate. This configuration has full control(More)
Although O(2) concentrations are considerably lowered in vivo, depending on the tissue and cell population in question (some cells need almost anoxic environment for their maintenance) the cell and tissue cultures are usually performed at atmospheric O(2) concentration (20-21%). As an instructive example, the relationship between stem cells and(More)
OBJECTIVE The control of mature erythroid progenitors and precursors' production via erythropoietin (EPO) is the major systemic regulatory mechanism in erythropoiesis. However, hypoxia seems to influence erythropoiesis beyond this well-known mechanism. The aim of our study is to test this hypothesis adapting the oxygenation level to each stage of(More)
In this paper, experimental findings concerning the kinetics of hematopoietic reconstitution are compared to corresponding clinical data. Although not clearly apparent, the transplantation practice seems to confirm the basic proposals of experimental hematology concerning hematopoietic reconstitution resulting from successive waves of repopulation stemming(More)
The efficiency of five different cryopreservation protocols (our original controlled-rate and noncontrolled-rate protocols) was evaluated on the basis of the recovery after thawing of very primitive pluripotent hemopoietic stem cells (MRA(CFU-GM), pluripotent progenitors (CFU-Sd12) and committed granulocyte-monocyte progenitors (CFU-GM) in mouse bone(More)