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Multiple genes and their variants that lend susceptibility to many diseases will play a major role in clinical routine. Genetics-based cost reduction strategies in diagnostic processes are important in the setting of multiple susceptibility genes for a single disease. Head and neck paraganglioma (HNP) is caused by germline mutations of at least three(More)
PURPOSE Six pheochromocytoma susceptibility genes causing distinct syndromes have been identified; approximately one of three of all pheochromocytoma patients carry a predisposing germline mutation. When four major genes (VHL, RET, SDHB, SDHD) are analyzed in a clinical laboratory, costs are approximately $3,400 per patient. The aim of the study is to(More)
BACKGROUND A 46-year-old man presented with headaches, paroxysmal palpitations, anxiety and hypertension. The patient had undergone surgery for a retroperitoneal tumor at the age of 31 years, when histological examination revealed an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma. The patient's 68-year-old mother had a history of a carotid body tumor, which had been(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is caused by several susceptibility genes. A registry including analyses of susceptibility genes, familial occurrence and genotype-phenotype correlation should provide classification insights. Registry data of 187 unrelated index patients included age at onset, gender, family history, relapse of aHUS and potentially(More)
BACKGROUND Head and neck paragangliomas (HNPs) occur as sporadic or familial entities, the latter mostly in association with germline mutations of the SDHB, SDHC, or SDHD (SDHx) genes. Heritable non-SDHx HNP might occur in von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL, VHL gene), multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2, RET gene), and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, NF1(More)
The first description of pheochromocytoma in 1886 has been attributed to Felix Fränkel, who described an 18-year-old woman with bilateral adrenal "sarcoma and angio-sarcoma." We reviewed the publication and then approached and assessed relatives of the patient to update the findings with the use of current technology. In-depth review revealed that the(More)
Paraganglioma syndrome includes head and neck paraganglioma and pheochromocytoma, and is classified according to the three susceptibility genes involved, SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD. This study assessed the prevalence of germline mutations in SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD genes in a consecutive population admitted to Padova Hospital consisting of 20 patients with head and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) as a risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still under discussion. Data on prevalence of RCC in ADPKD are limited, especially on a large population scale. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of RCC in ADPKD kidneys and characterize the clinical features of(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is characterized by germline mutations in RET. For exon 10, comprehensive molecular and corresponding phenotypic data are scarce. The International RET Exon 10 Consortium, comprising 27 centers from 15 countries, analyzed patients with RET exon 10 mutations for clinical-risk profiles. Presentation, age-dependent(More)