Zoraida Megías

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We have identified a kind of parthenocarpy in zucchini squash which is associated with an incomplete andromonoecy, i.e. a partial conversion of female into bisexual flowers. Given that andromonoecy in this and other cucurbit species is caused by a reduction of ethylene production in the female flower, the associated parthenocarpic development of the fruit(More)
Parthenocarpy is becoming an essential trait for off-season greenhouse production of Zucchini squash. Given that winter conditions promote a reduction in the number of male flowers and in the activity of pollinators, the application of synthetic auxins is currently the most widespread method to induce fruit set. We have evaluated the parthenocarpic tendency(More)
Sex determination in Rumex acetosa, a dioecious plant with a complex XY1 Y2 sex chromosome system (females are XX and males are XY1 Y2 ), is not controlled by an active Y chromosome but depends on the ratio between the number of X chromosomes and autosomes. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of sex determination, we generated a subtracted cDNA(More)
Although it is known that ethylene has a masculinizing effect on watermelon, the specific role of this hormone in sex expression and flower development has not been analyzed in depth. By using different approaches the present work demonstrates that ethylene regulates differentially two sex-related developmental processes: sexual expression, i.e. the(More)
A number of Cucurbita pepo genotypes showing instable monoecy or partial andromonoecy, i.e. an incomplete conversion of female into bisexual flowers, have been detected. Given that in melon and cucumber andromonoecy is the result of reduction of ethylene production in female floral buds, caused by mutations in the ethylene biosynthesis genes CmACS7 and(More)
It is well established that ethylene is the main hormonal regulator of sexual expression in the Cucurbitaceae family, controlling not only the sexual fate of individual floral buds, but also the female flower transition, that is, the time at which the first female flower appears and therefore the number of female flowers per plant. Although sex(More)
In this paper we compare the sensitivity of different squash genotypes to ethylene and brassinosteroids by studying the effects of different ethylene and brassinosteroid treatments on the sexual expression and flower development of different C. pepo genotypes: Bolognese (Bog) and Vegetable Spaghetti (Veg), two contrasting lines for ethylene production and(More)
We have studied the effect of individual shrink wrapping (ISW) on the postharvest performance of refrigerated fruit from two zucchini cultivars that differ in their sensitivity to cold storage: Sinatra (more sensitive) and Natura (more tolerant). The fruit was individually shrink wrapped before storing at 4°C for 0, 7 and 14 days. Quality parameters,(More)
Tolerance to postharvest chilling injury (PCI) is becoming an ever more essential trait for export-oriented vegetables requiring refrigerated transport and/or storage. Summer squash, Cucurbita pepo, is highly subject to PCI. We screened a collection consisting of 80 long-fruited accessions of morphotypes zucchini, cocozelle, and vegetable marrow for cold(More)
Monoecious and andromonoecious cultivars of watermelon are characterised by the production of male and female flower or male and hermaphrodite flowers, respectively. The segregation analysis in the offspring of crosses between monoecious and andromonoecious lines has demonstrated that this trait is controlled by a single gene pair, being the monoecious(More)
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