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With increasing frequency during serial passage in culture, primary human keratinocytes express p16(INK4A) (p16) and undergo senescence arrest. Keratinocytes engineered to express hTERT maintain long telomeres but typically are not immortalized unless, by mutation or other heritable event, they avoid or greatly reduce p16 expression. We have confirmed that(More)
Most ovarian cancers originate from the ovarian surface epithelium and are characterized by aneuploid karyotypes. Aneuploidy, a consequence of chromosome instability, is an early event during the development of ovarian cancers. However, how aneuploid cells are evolved from normal diploid cells in ovarian cancers remains unknown. In the present study,(More)
Keratinocytes become migratory to heal wounds, during early neoplastic invasion, and when undergoing telomere-unrelated senescence in culture. All three settings are associated with expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p16INK4A (p16) and of the basement membrane protein laminin 5 (LN5). We have investigated cause-and-effect relationships among laminin 5,(More)
Vascularization of engineered human skin constructs is crucial for recapitulation of systemic drug delivery and for their long-term survival, functionality, and viable engraftment. In this study, the latest microfabrication techniques are used and a novel bioengineering approach is established to micropattern spatially controlled and perfusable vascular(More)
Advances in bio-mimetic in vitro human skin models increase the efficiency of drug screening studies. In this study, we designed and developed a microfluidic platform that allows for long-term maintenance of full thickness human skin equivalents (HSE) which are comprised of both the epidermal and dermal compartments. The design is based on the(More)
Recent generation of patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (PS-iPSCs) provides significant advantages for cell- and gene-based therapy. Establishment of iPSC-based therapy for skin diseases requires efficient methodology for differentiating iPSCs into both keratinocytes and fibroblasts, the major cellular components of the skin, as well as the(More)
Revertant mosaicism is a naturally occurring phenomenon involving spontaneous correction of a pathogenic gene mutation in a somatic cell. It has been observed in several genetic diseases, including epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a group of inherited skin disorders characterized by blistering and scarring. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), generated from(More)
Easwar Natarajan,* John D. Omobono II,* Zongyou Guo,* Susan Hopkinson, Alexander J.F. Lazar, Thomas Brenn, Jonathan C. Jones, and James G. Rheinwald* From the Departments of Dermatology * and Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Skin Disease Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and the Department of Cell and Molecular(More)
The mechanism of tumor suppressor action of the fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene is unknown. Disruption of cell cycle regulation leads to the tumor formation and many tumor suppressor genes suppress tumorigenesis through their effect on cell cycle regulation. We examined the expression of FHIT during the cell cycle, and determined whether overexpression(More)