Zongyan Chen

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that the prevalence of EBOV in these tested bat species is greater than that previously detected in E. helvum bats (1/262 serum samples) (1). The higher estimated prevalence in these species occurred despite the fact that E. helvum bats live in large colonies comprising several million animals, which make the species an ideal host for acute RNA virus(More)
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute and contagious disease of some small ruminants caused by peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV). Fusion (F) protein and hemagglutinin (H) protein are two glycoproteins of PPRV that might induce a protective immune response. In this study, three replication-defective recombinant adenoviruses were constructed and(More)
The major capsid protein VP2 of goose parvovirus (GPV) expressed using a baculovirus expression system (BES) assembles into virus-like particles (VLPs). To optimize VP2 gene expression in Sf9 cells, we converted wild-type VP2 (VP2) codons into codons that are more common in insect genes. This change greatly increased VP2 protein production in Sf9 cells. The(More)
Nanotechnology has given scientists new tools for the development of advanced materials for the detection and diagnosis of various types of diseases. In particular, ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxides (USPIOs) have been investigated in many biological applications, both in vitro and in vivo. Due to their small size (diameter < 20 nm), these particles(More)
An unknown infectious disease in Cherry Valley ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) characterized by short beak and strong growth retardation occurred in China during 2015. The causative agent of this disease, tentatively named duck short beak and dwarfism syndrome (DSBDS), as well as the evolutionary relationships between this causative agent and all(More)
Lysosome is a highly membrane-bound organelle which possesses a sequence of biological functions including protein degradation, cell signal transduction, plasma membrane repairment, homoeostasis, and autophagy. The lysosome contains more than 50 soluble acid hydrolases, and the acidification of lysosome is the most important biological characteristic. The(More)
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), an acute and highly contagious disease, affects sheep, goats, and some small ruminants. The hemagglutinin (H) glycoprotein of the PPR virus (PPRV) is considered important for inducing protective immune responses. In this study, a suicidal DNA vaccine based on the Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replicon was constructed and(More)
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is contagious and highly lethal. Commercial vaccines against RHD are produced from the livers of experimentally infected rabbits. Although several groups have reported that recombinant subunit vaccines against rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) are promising, application of the vaccines has been restricted due to high(More)
Until recently, there was no cell line that could produce continuously high-titer duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1). In this study, a duck embryo fibroblast (DEF) cell line was established, and the susceptibility of this cell line to DHV-1 was determined. The primary culture of DEF cells was from a duck embryo that was partially digested with trypsin.(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in detecting pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Among the TLRs, TLR3 is involved in the recognition of double-stranded RNA. This study was designed to explore the relationship between duTLR3 and duck reovirus (DRV) infection. In this study, we cloned and performed a molecular characterization of(More)