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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signalling molecule that belongs to the gasotransmitter family. Two major sources for endogenous enzymatic production of H₂S are cystathionine β synthase (CBS) and cystathionine γ lyase (CSE). In the present study, we examined the selectivity of commonly used pharmacological inhibitors of H₂S biosynthesis(More)
Many vascular diseases are characterized by increased levels of ROS that destroy the biological activity of nitric oxide and limit cGMP formation. In the present study, we investigated the cGMP-forming ability of HMR-1766 in cells exposed to oxidative stress. Pretreatment of smooth muscle cells with H(2)O(2) reduced cGMP production stimulated by sodium(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signaling molecule in mammalian cells. In the cardiovascular system, H₂S enhances vasodilation and angiogenesis. H₂S-induced vasodilation is hypothesized to occur through ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)); however, we recently demonstrated that it also increases cGMP levels in(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor cells in malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) are an important source of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. However, the role of tumor-derived MCP-1 in the pathogenesis and progression of MPE has not been determined. METHODS B16 mouse skin melanoma cells, which are deficient in MCP-1 expression, and mouse Lewis lung cancer (LLC)(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) by activating soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is involved in vascular homeostasis via induction of smooth muscle relaxation. In cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), endothelial dysfunction with altered vascular reactivity is mostly attributed to decreased NO bioavailability via oxidative stress. However, in several studies, relaxation to NO is(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with decreased renal nitric oxide (NO) production and increased plasma levels of methylarginines. The naturally occurring guanidino-methylated arginines N-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA) and asymmetric dimethyl-l-arginine (ADMA) inhibit NO synthase activity. We hypothesized that ADMA and l-NMMA compromise the(More)
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is a cGMP-generating enzyme implicated in the control of smooth muscle tone that also regulates platelet aggregation. Moreover, sGC activation has been shown to reduce leukocyte adherence to the endothelium. Herein, we investigated the expression of sGC in a murine model of LPS-induced lung injury and evaluated the effects of(More)
Background We recently discovered that soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activity is modulated by S-nitrosation, the addition of a NO moiety to the free thiol of cysteines (Cys). Pathologically, we observed that exposure to low, therapeutic levels of nitroglycerin in rats led to decreased vascular response to NO in the arterioles of hamster cheek pouch, which(More)