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OBJECTIVE Recent studies have demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is produced within the vessel wall from L-cysteine regulating several aspects of vascular homeostasis. H(2)S generated from cystathione γ-lyase (CSE) contributes to vascular tone; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the vasorelaxing effects of H(2)S are still under(More)
The goal of the current study was to investigate the role of exogenous and endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on neovascularization and wound healing in vitro and in vivo. Incubation of endothelial cells (ECs) with H(2)S enhanced their angiogenic potential, evidenced by accelerated cell growth, migration, and capillary morphogenesis on Matrigel. Treatment(More)
We investigated the molecular mechanisms of sodium vanadate (vanadate)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production. Exposure of bovine lung microvascular cells (BLMVEC) to vanadate increased the release of biologically active NO in endothelium/smooth muscle cocultures, as measured by the accumulation of its surrogate marker, cGMP. This release was sensitive to NO(More)
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is a cGMP-generating enzyme carrying a heme prosthetic group that functions as a nitric oxide (NO) sensor. sGC is present in most cells types, including the vascular endothelium, where its biological functions remain largely unexplored. Herein, we have investigated the role of sGC in angiogenesis and angiogenesis-related(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signalling molecule that belongs to the gasotransmitter family. Two major sources for endogenous enzymatic production of H₂S are cystathionine β synthase (CBS) and cystathionine γ lyase (CSE). In the present study, we examined the selectivity of commonly used pharmacological inhibitors of H₂S biosynthesis(More)
RATIONALE Aminobiphosphonates, such as zoledronic acid (ZA), exert potent indirect antitumor effects and are currently being tested against human solid tumors. The antitumor actions of aminobiphosphonates, including angiostasis, are relevant to the pathogenesis of malignant pleural effusion (MPE), but no study has addressed the efficacy of these compounds(More)
The goal of the present studies was to investigate the role of changes in hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) homeostasis in the pathogenesis of hyperglycemic endothelial dysfunction. Exposure of bEnd3 microvascular endothelial cells to elevated extracellular glucose (in vitro "hyperglycemia") induced the mitochondrial formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which(More)
1 Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is an angiogenic growth factor that binds to the Tie2 receptor on vascular endothelium, promoting blood vessel maturation and integrity. In the present study, we have investigated whether Ang1 also possesses anti-inflammatory properties by determining its effects on endothelial barrier function, neutrophil (PMN) adherence to(More)
Chylomicrons are lipoproteins synthesized exclusively by the intestine to transport dietary fat and fat-soluble vitamins. Synthesis of apoB48, a translational product of the apob gene, is required for the assembly of chylomicrons. The apob gene transcription in the intestine results in 14 and 7 kb mRNAs. These mRNAs are post-transcriptionally edited(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is a signaling molecule in mammalian cells. In the cardiovascular system, H₂S enhances vasodilation and angiogenesis. H₂S-induced vasodilation is hypothesized to occur through ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)); however, we recently demonstrated that it also increases cGMP levels in(More)